2000 Tour de France
|Route of the 2000 Tour de France|
|Distance||3,662 km (2,275 mi)|
|Winning time||92h 33' 08"|
|Second||Jan Ullrich (GER)||(Team Telekom)|
|Third||Joseba Beloki (ESP)||(Festina)|
|Points||Erik Zabel (GER)||(Team Telekom)|
|Mountains||Santiago Botero (COL)||(Kelme–Costa Blanca)|
|Youth||Francisco Mancebo (ESP)||(Banesto)|
The 2000 Tour de France was a multiple stage bicycle race held from 1 to 23 July, and the 87th edition of the Tour de France. It has no overall winner—although American cyclist Lance Armstrong originally won the event, the United States Anti-Doping Agency announced in August 2012 that they had disqualified Armstrong from all his results since 1998, including his seven Tour de France wins from 1999 to 2005; the Union Cycliste Internationale has confirmed this verdict.
The Tour started with an individual time trial in Futuroscope (not an official prologue because it was longer than 8 km) and ended, traditionally, in Paris. The distance travelled was 3663 km (counter-clockwise around France). The Tour passed through Switzerland and Germany.
Before the race started, there were several favourites: Armstrong, after his 1999 Tour de France victory; Jan Ullrich, having won the 1997 Tour de France, finishing second in the 1996 and 1998 tours, and not entering the 1999 Tour due to an injury; and 1998 Tour winner Marco Pantani. Richard Virenque finished 8th place in the 1999 Tour despite bad preparation, and for the 2000 edition he was considered an important rider. Fernando Escartín, Bobby Julich, Alexander Vinokourov and Alex Zülle were also considered contenders.
17 teams were automatically selected based on their UCI rankings. In addition, three teams were given wildcards by organisers of the Tour, Amaury Sport Organisation (ASO). Each of these 20 teams sent 9 cyclists, for a total of 180: Before the start, each rider had to do a health check. Three riders failed this health check; Sergei Ivanov, from Farm Frites; Rossano Brasi, from Team Polti; Andrei Hauptman, from Vini Caldirola–Sidermec; all because they had a hematocrit value above 50%. The race thus started with 177 cyclists.
Route and stages
|1||1 July||Futuroscope||16.5 km (10.3 mi)||Individual time trial||David Millar (GBR)|
|2||2 July||Futuroscope to Loudun||194.0 km (120.5 mi)||Plain stage||Tom Steels (BEL)|
|3||3 July||Loudun to Nantes||161.5 km (100.4 mi)||Plain stage||Tom Steels (BEL)|
|4||4 July||Nantes to Saint-Nazaire||70.0 km (43.5 mi)||Team time trial||ONCE–Deutsche Bank|
|5||5 July||Vannes to Vitré||202.0 km (125.5 mi)||Plain stage||Marcel Wüst (GER)|
|6||6 July||Vitré to Tours||198.5 km (123.3 mi)||Plain stage||Leon van Bon (NED)|
|7||7 July||Tours to Limoges||205.5 km (127.7 mi)||Plain stage||Christophe Agnolutto (FRA)|
|8||8 July||Limoges to Villeneuve-sur-Lot||203.5 km (126.4 mi)||Plain stage||Erik Dekker (NED)|
|9||9 July||Agen to Dax||181.0 km (112.5 mi)||Plain stage||Paolo Bettini (ITA)|
|10||10 July||Dax to Hautacam||205.0 km (127.4 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Javier Otxoa (ESP)|
|11||11 July||Bagnères-de-Bigorre to Revel||218.5 km (135.8 mi)||Hilly stage||Erik Dekker (NED)|
|12 July||Provence||Rest day|
|12||13 July||Carpentras to Mont Ventoux||149.0 km (92.6 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Marco Pantani (ITA)|
|13||14 July||Avignon to Draguignan||185.5 km (115.3 mi)||Plain stage||José Vicente Garcia (ESP)|
|14||15 July||Draguignan to Briançon||249.5 km (155.0 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Santiago Botero (COL)|
|15||16 July||Briançon to Courchevel||173.5 km (107.8 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Marco Pantani (ITA)|
|17 July||Courchevel||Rest day|
|16||18 July||Courchevel to Morzine||196.5 km (122.1 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Richard Virenque (FRA)|
|17||19 July||Évian-les-Bains to Lausanne||155.0 km (96.3 mi)||Hilly stage||Erik Dekker (NED)|
|18||20 July||Lausanne to Freiburg (Germany)||246.5 km (153.2 mi)||Plain stage||Salvatore Commesso (ITA)|
|19||21 July||Freiburg (Germany) to Mulhouse||58.5 km (36.4 mi)||Individual time trial|| |
|20||22 July||Belfort to Troyes||254.5 km (158.1 mi)||Plain stage||Erik Zabel (GER)|
|21||23 July||Paris (Eiffel Tower ) to Paris (Champs-Élysées)||138.0 km (85.7 mi)||Plain stage||Stefano Zanini (ITA)|
|Total||3,662 km (2,275 mi)|
The first stage was won by British cyclist David Millar, with Lance Armstrong only 2 seconds behind in second place. Of the other pre-race favorites, Laurent Jalabert, Jan Ullrich and Alex Zülle all lost less than 20 seconds. Virenque, Vinokourov and Escartin lost around 1:30 on Armstrong, while Marco Pantani lost more than 2 minutes. The next two stages were sprinter stages, both won by Tom Steels, not changing much in the overall classification. Stage 4, a team time trial, was won by the ONCE cycling team, and after that stage the top 10 included 8 ONCE cyclists, including leader Laurent Jalabert.
In stage 6, 12 cyclists broke away and kept a 7:49-minute lead, which shook up the classification. Alberto Elli, one of the breakaways, took over the yellow jersey.
In stage 10, the Tour entered the mountains. The stage, which finished at Hautacam, was won by Spaniard Javier Otxoa, but Lance Armstrong finished second and took the yellow jersey, with Ullrich in second place, more than 4 minutes behind. The 12th stage, finishing on Mont Ventoux, was won by Marco Pantani, but Lance Armstrong finished second with the same time, so Armstrong increased his lead. Stage 15 was also won by Pantani, but again Armstrong gained time on second-place Ullrich, who was 7:26 behind. On the 16th stage, Armstrong had a bad day and lost time. Ullrich's gap shrunk to 5:37.
On stage 17, Erik Dekker won his third stage of the Tour. Stage 19, an individual time trial, was the last chance to change the general classification, although it was very unlikely that time trial specialist Armstrong would lose his 5:37 lead. Armstrong eventually went on to win the stage, and secured his Tour win. He maintained his lead in the final two stages.
Subsequent to Armstrong's statement to withdraw his fight against United States Anti-Doping Agency's (USADA) charges, on 24 August 2012, the USADA said it would ban Armstrong for life and stripped him of his record seven Tour de France titles. Later that day it was confirmed in a USADA statement that Armstrong was banned for life and would be disqualified from any and all competitive results obtained on and subsequent to 1 August 1998, including forfeiture of any medals, titles, winnings, finishes, points and prizes. On 22 October 2012, the Union Cycliste Internationale endorsed the USADA sanctions, and decided not to award victories to any other rider or upgrade other placings in any of the affected events.
There were several classifications in the 2000 Tour de France. The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.
Additionally, there was a points classification, which awarded a green jersey. In the points classification, cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a green jersey.
There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorized some climbs as either hors catégorie, first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reached the top of these climbs first, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a polkadot jersey.
The fourth individual classification was the young rider classification. This was decided the same way as the general classification, but only riders under 26 years were eligible. Up until 1989 the leader received a white jersey. After 1989 the white jersey was no longer awarded, but the classification was still held. In 2000 the race organizers decided to start awarding the white jersey.
For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time.
For the combativity award classification, a jury gave points after each stage to the cyclists they considered most combative. The cyclist with the most votes in all stages lead the classification.
|Denotes the leader of the points classification||Denotes the leader of the mountains classification|
|Denotes the leader of the young rider classification||Denotes the winner of the super-combativity award|
|1|| || || |
|2||Jan Ullrich (GER)||Team Telekom||+ 6' 02"|
|3||Joseba Beloki (ESP)||Festina||+ 10' 04"|
|4||Christophe Moreau (FRA)||Festina||+ 10' 34"|
|5||Roberto Heras (ESP)||Kelme–Costa Blanca||+ 11' 50"|
|6||Richard Virenque (FRA)||Team Polti||+ 13' 26"|
|7||Santiago Botero (COL)||Kelme–Costa Blanca||+ 14' 18"|
|8||Fernando Escartín (ESP)||Kelme–Costa Blanca||+ 17' 21"|
|9||Francisco Mancebo (ESP)||Banesto||+ 18' 09"|
|10||Daniele Nardello (ITA)||Mapei–Quick-Step||+ 18' 25"|
|1||Erik Zabel (GER)||Team Telekom||321|
|2||Robbie McEwen (AUS)||Farm Frites||203|
|3||Romans Vainsteins (LAT)||Vini Caldirola–Sidermec||184|
|4||Emmanuel Magnien (FRA)||Française des Jeux||157|
|5||Erik Dekker (NED)||Rabobank||138|
|6||Stefano Zanini (ITA)||Mapei–Quick-Step||130|
|7||Jacky Durand (FRA)||Lotto–Adecco||130|
|8||François Simon (FRA)||Bonjour||122|
|9||Salvatore Commesso (ITA)||Saeco Macchine per Caffè–Valli & Valli||118|
|10||Nico Mattan (BEL)||Cofidis||106|
|1||Santiago Botero (COL)||Kelme–Costa Blanca||347|
|2||Javier Otxoa (ESP)||Kelme–Costa Blanca||283|
|3||Richard Virenque (FRA)||Team Polti||267|
|4||Pascal Hervé (FRA)||Team Polti||234|
|5||Nico Mattan (BEL)||Cofidis||164|
|6|| || |
|7||Fernando Escartín (ESP)||Kelme–Costa Blanca||149|
|8||Roberto Heras (ESP)||Kelme–Costa Blanca||113|
|9||Joseba Beloki (ESP)||Festina||112|
|10||José Maria Jimenez (ESP)||Banesto||110|
Young rider classification
|1||Francisco Mancebo (ESP)||Banesto||92h 51' 17"|
|2||Guido Trentin (ITA)||Vini Caldirola–Sidermec||+ 17' 48"|
|3||Grischa Niermann (GER)||Rabobank||+ 33' 57"|
|4||David Cañada (ESP)||ONCE–Deutsche Bank||+ 59' 35"|
|5||David Millar (GBR)||Cofidis||+ 1h 54' 54"|
|6||Salvatore Commesso (ITA)||Saeco Macchine per Caffè–Valli & Valli||+ 2h 10' 39"|
|7||David Moncoutie (FRA)||Cofidis||+ 2h 14' 17"|
|8||Benoit Joachim (LUX)||U.S. Postal Service||+ 2h 27' 47"|
|9||Andreas Klier (GER)||Farm Frites||+ 2h 39' 55"|
|10||Magnus Backstedt (SWE)||Crédit Agricole||+ 3h 02' 18"|
|1||Kelme–Costa Blanca||278h 10' 47"|
|2||Festina||+ 13' 42"|
|3||Banesto||+ 18' 21"|
|4||Team Telekom||+ 40' 08"|
|5||Lotto–Adecco||+ 1h 11' 50"|
|6||Rabobank||+ 1h 16' 34"|
|7||ONCE–Deutsche Bank||+ 1h 36' 14"|
|8||U.S. Postal Service||+ 1h 46' 04"|
|9||Mapei–Quick-Step||+ 1h 50' 17"|
|10||Cofidis||+ 2h 06' 48"|
|1||Erik Dekker (NED)||Rabobank||99|
|2||Santiago Botero (COL)||Kelme–Costa Blanca||98|
|3||Christophe Agnolutto (FRA)||AG2R Prévoyance||79|
|4||Jacky Durand (FRA)||Lotto–Adecco||77|
|5||Jens Voigt (GER)||Crédit Agricole||70|
|6||Javier Otxoa (ESP)||Kelme–Costa Blanca||53|
|7||Didier Rous (FRA)||Bonjour||44|
|8||Salvatore Commesso (ITA)||Saeco Macchine per Caffè–Valli & Valli||44|
|9||François Simon (FRA)||Bonjour||38|
|10||Massimiliano Lelli (ITA)||Cofidis||33|
Notes and references
- On 24 August 2012, the United States Anti-Doping Agency announced that they had disqualified Armstrong from all his results since 1998, including his victory in the 2000 Tour de France. The Union Cycliste Internationale, responsible for the international cycling, confirmed this verdict on 22 October 2012.
- "Lance Armstrong Receives Lifetime Ban And Disqualification Of Competitive Results For Doping Violations Stemming From His Involvement In The United States Postal Service Pro-Cycling Team Doping Conspiracy". United States Anti-Doping Agency. 24 August 2012. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
- "Lance Armstrong stripped of all seven Tour de France wins by UCI". BBC News. BBC. 22 October 2012. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
- Tour de France for dummies: Time Trials, Mountains Stages, Prologues, and More
- Tour de France 2000 favorieten (Dutch), NRC
- "Tour de France teams 2000". Cyclingnews. Future Publishing Limited. 1 June 2000. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
- "87ème Tour de France 2000" (in French). Mémoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 2 September 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
- "Complete starting list". Cyclingnews. Future Publishing Limited. 30 June 2000. Archived from the original on 23 July 2011. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
- Historical guide 2016, p. 91.
- Zwegers, Arian. "Tour de France GC Top Ten". CVCC. Archived from the original on 10 June 2009. Retrieved 15 August 2011.
- Jones, Jeff (23 July 2000). "Mapei end it in a thrilling finale". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
- Historical guide 2016, p. 110.
- "Lance Armstrong will be banned from cycling by USADA after saying he won't fight doping charges". The Washington Post. 24 August 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- "USADA to ban Armstrong for life, strip Tour titles". CBS News. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- Christian, Sarah (2 July 2009). "Tour de France demystified – Evaluating success". RoadCycling.co.nz Ltd. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
- Chauner, David; Halstead, Michael (1990). The Tour de France Complete Book of Cycling. Villard. ISBN 0679729364. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
- ASO 2000, p. 6.
- Jones, Jeff (23 July 2000). "Mapei end it in a thrilling finale". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
- Augendre, Jacques (2016). Guide historique [Historical guide] (PDF). Tour de France (in French). Paris: Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived (PDF) from the original on 17 August 2016. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
- Race regulations (PDF). Tour de France. Paris: Amaury Sport Organisation. 2000. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 August 2000. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 2000 Tour de France.|
- Official website at the Wayback Machine (archived 16 August 2000)
- 2000 Tour de France at Cyclingnews.com