2002 Tour de France
|Route of the 2002 Tour de France|
|Stages||20 + Prologue|
|Distance||3,278 km (2,037 mi)|
|Winning time||82h 05' 12"|
|Second||Joseba Beloki (ESP)||(ONCE–Eroski)|
|Third||Raimondas Rumšas (Lithuania)||(Lampre–Daikin)|
|Points||Robbie McEwen (AUS)||(Lotto–Adecco)|
|Mountains||Laurent Jalabert (FRA)||(CSC–Tiscali)|
|Youth||Ivan Basso (ITA)||(Fassa Bortolo)|
The 2002 Tour de France was a multiple-stage bicycle race held from 6 to 28 July, and the 89th edition of the Tour de France. The event started in Luxembourg and ending in Paris. France was visited counter-clockwise, so the Pyrenees were there before the Alps. It has no overall winner—although American cyclist Lance Armstrong originally won the event, the United States Anti-Doping Agency announced in August 2012 that they had disqualified Armstrong from all his results since 1998, including his seven Tour de France wins from 1999 to 2005; the Union Cycliste Internationale has confirmed this verdict.
The favourite was Armstrong, at the time, winner in 1999, 2000 and 2001. The main opposition would probably come from the ONCE team with Joseba Beloki (3rd last year), Igor González de Galdeano (5th last year) and Marcos Serrano (9th last year), and from the Kelme riders Óscar Sevilla (7th last year, 2nd in last year's Vuelta a España) and Santiago Botero (8th last year). Other riders to keep in account for a high place in the final rankings were Tyler Hamilton (2nd Giro 2002), Levi Leipheimer (3rd Vuelta 2001), Christophe Moreau (4th Tour 2000) and Armstrong's team mate Roberto Heras (4th Vuelta 2001). Important riders who were not present were Jan Ullrich (2nd last year, injury) and Gilberto Simoni (winner 2001 Giro).
Teams qualified for the 2002 Tour de France by various methods. U.S. Postal Service was selected because it included the winner of the previous edition, Lance Armstrong. Rabobank was selected because it included the winner of the 2001 UCI Road World Cup, Erik Dekker. Alessio, Kelme–Costa Blanca and iBanesto.com were selected because they won the team classifications in respectively the 2001 Giro d'Italia, 2001 Tour de France and 2001 Vuelta a España. A further seven teams qualified based on the UCI ranking in the highest UCI division at the end of 2001, after compensating for transfers. Five more teams were given wildcards by the organiser of the Tour, Amaury Sport Organisation. After the wildcards were given, it was announced that Saeco's main rider Gilberto Simoni had tested positive for cocaine on two occasions. In response, the wildcard for Saeco was withdrawn and given to Jean Delatour. In total, 21 teams participated, each with 9 cyclists, for a total of 189 cyclists.
Route and stages
|P||6 July||Luxembourg City (Luxembourg)||7.0 km (4.3 mi)||Individual time trial|| |
|1||7 July||Luxembourg City (Luxembourg)||192.5 km (119.6 mi)||Plain stage||Rubens Bertogliati (SUI)|
|2||8 July||Luxembourg City (Luxembourg) to Saarbrücken (Germany)||181.0 km (112.5 mi)||Plain stage||Óscar Freire (ESP)|
|3||9 July||Metz to Reims||174.5 km (108.4 mi)||Plain stage||Robbie McEwen (AUS)|
|4||10 July||Épernay to Château-Thierry||67.5 km (41.9 mi)||Team time trial||ONCE–Eroski|
|5||11 July||Soissons to Rouen||195.0 km (121.2 mi)||Plain stage||Jaan Kirsipuu (EST)|
|6||12 July||Forges-les-Eaux to Alençon||199.5 km (124.0 mi)||Plain stage||Erik Zabel (GER)|
|7||13 July||Bagnoles-de-l'Orne to Avranches||176.0 km (109.4 mi)||Plain stage||Bradley McGee (AUS)|
|8||14 July||Saint-Martin-de-Landelles to Plouay||217.5 km (135.1 mi)||Plain stage||Karsten Kroon (NED)|
|9||15 July||Lanester to Lorient||52.0 km (32.3 mi)||Individual time trial||Santiago Botero (COL)|
|16 July||Bordeaux||Rest day|
|10||17 July||Bazas to Pau||147.0 km (91.3 mi)||Plain stage||Patrice Halgand (FRA)|
|11||18 July||Pau to La Mongie||158.0 km (98.2 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)|| |
|12||19 July||Lannemezan to Plateau de Beille||199.5 km (124.0 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)|| |
|13||20 July||Lavelanet to Béziers||171.0 km (106.3 mi)||Plain stage||David Millar (GBR)|
|14||21 July||Lodève to Mont Ventoux||221.0 km (137.3 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Richard Virenque (FRA)|
|22 July||Vaucluse||Rest day|
|15||23 July||Vaison-la-Romaine to Les Deux Alpes||226.5 km (140.7 mi)||Hilly stage||Santiago Botero (COL)|
|16||24 July||Les Deux Alpes to La Plagne||179.5 km (111.5 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Michael Boogerd (NED)|
|17||25 July||Aime to Cluses||142.0 km (88.2 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Dario Frigo (ITA)|
|18||26 July||Cluses to Bourg-en-Bresse||176.5 km (109.7 mi)||Hilly stage||Thor Hushovd (NOR)|
|19||27 July||Régnié-Durette to Mâcon||50.0 km (31.1 mi)||Individual time trial|| |
|20||28 July||Melun to Paris (Champs-Élysées)||144.0 km (89.5 mi)||Plain stage||Robbie McEwen (AUS)|
|Total||3,278 km (2,037 mi)|
Subsequent to Armstrong's statement to withdraw his fight against United States Anti-Doping Agency's (USADA) charges, on 24 August 2012, the USADA said it would ban Armstrong for life and stripped him of his record seven Tour de France titles. Later that day it was confirmed in a USADA statement that Armstrong was banned for life and would be disqualified from any and all competitive results obtained on and subsequent to 1 August 1998, including forfeiture of any medals, titles, winnings, finishes, points and prizes. On 22 October 2012, the Union Cycliste Internationale endorsed the USADA sanctions, and decided not to award victories to any other rider or upgrade other placings in any of the affected events.
There were several classifications in the 2002 Tour de France. The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.
Additionally, there was a points classification, which awarded a green jersey. In the points classification, cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a green jersey.
There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorized some climbs as either hors catégorie, first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reached the top of these climbs first, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a polkadot jersey.
The fourth individual classification was the young rider classification, which was marked by the white jersey. This was decided the same way as the general classification, but only riders under 26 years were eligible.
For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time.
For the combativity award classification, a jury gave points after each stage to the cyclists they considered most combative. The cyclist with the most votes in all stages lead the classification.
|Denotes the leader of the points classification||Denotes the leader of the mountains classification|
|Denotes the leader of the young rider classification||Denotes the winner of the super-combativity award|
|DSQ|| || || |
|2||Joseba Beloki (ESP)||ONCE–Eroski||+ 7' 17"|
|3||Raimondas Rumsas (LTU)||Lampre–Daikin||+ 8' 17"|
|4||Santiago Botero (COL)||Kelme–Costa Blanca||+ 13' 10"|
|5||Igor González (ESP)||ONCE–Eroski||+ 13' 54"|
|6||José Azevedo (POR)||ONCE–Eroski||+ 15' 44"|
|7||Francisco Mancebo (ESP)||iBanesto.com||+ 16' 05"|
|DSQ|| || || |
|9||Roberto Heras (ESP)||U.S. Postal Service||+ 17' 12"|
|10||Carlos Sastre (ESP)||CSC–Tiscali||+ 19' 05"|
|1||Robbie McEwen (AUS)||Lotto–Adecco||280|
|2||Erik Zabel (GER)||Team Telekom||261|
|3||Stuart O'Grady (AUS)||Crédit Agricole||208|
|4||Baden Cooke (AUS)||Française des Jeux||198|
|5||Ján Svorada (CZE)||Lampre–Daikin||154|
|7||Thor Hushovd (NOR)||Crédit Agricole||103|
|8||Laurent Brochard (FRA)||Jean Delatour||99|
|9||Raimondas Rumšas (LTU)||Lampre–Daikin||92|
|10||Santiago Botero (COL)||Kelme–Costa Blanca||87|
|1||Laurent Jalabert (FRA)||CSC–Tiscali||262|
|2||Mario Aerts (BEL)||Lotto–Adecco||178|
|3||Santiago Botero (COL)||Kelme–Costa Blanca||162|
|5||Axel Merckx (BEL)||Domo–Farm Frites||121|
|6||Joseba Beloki (ESP)||ONCE–Eroski||115|
|7||Michael Boogerd (NED)||Rabobank||113|
|8||Richard Virenque (FRA)||Domo–Farm Frites||107|
|9||Carlos Sastre (ESP)||CSC–Tiscali||97|
|10||Raimondas Rumšas (LTU)||Lampre–Daikin||96|
Young rider classification
|1||Ivan Basso (ITA)||Fassa Bortolo||82h 24' 30"|
|2||Nicolas Vogondy (FRA)||Française des Jeux||+ 13' 26"|
|3||Christophe Brandt (BEL)||Lotto–Adecco||+ 48' 32"|
|4||Sylvain Chavanel (FRA)||Bonjour||+ 50' 08"|
|5||Isidro Nozal (ESP)||ONCE–Eroski||+ 54.09"|
|6||Haimar Zubeldia (ESP)||Euskaltel–Euskadi||+ 56' 21"|
|7||Volodymir Hustov (UKR)||Fassa Bortolo||+ 58' 08"|
|8||Gerhard Trampusch (AUT)||Mapei–Quick-Step||+ 1h 32' 12"|
|9||David Millar (GBR)||Cofidis||+ 1h 40' 33"|
|10||Sandy Casar (FRA)||Française des Jeux||+ 1h 53' 04"|
|1||ONCE–Eroski||246h 36' 14"|
|2||U.S. Postal Service||+ 22' 49"|
|3||CSC–Tiscali||+ 30' 17"|
|4||iBanesto.com||+ 34' 06"|
|5||Cofidis||+ 36' 19"|
|7||Jean Delatour||+ 1h 17.21"|
|8||Kelme–Costa Blanca||+ 1h 42.22"|
|9||Domo–Farm Frites||+ 1h 46.20"|
|10||Fassa Bortolo||+ 2h 01.59"|
|1||Laurent Jalabert (FRA)||CSC–Tiscali||100|
|2||Franck Rénier (FRA)||Bonjour||50|
|3||Thor Hushovd (NOR)||Crédit Agricole||35|
|4||Michael Boogerd (NED)||Rabobank||33|
|5||Ludo Dierckxsens (BEL)||Lampre–Daikin||33|
|6||Mario Aerts (BEL)||Lotto–Adecco||31|
|7||Leon van Bon (NED)||Domo–Farm Frites||29|
|8||Stéphane Berges (FRA)||AG2R Prévoyance||24|
|9||Sylvain Chavanel (FRA)||Bonjour||23|
|10||Axel Merckx (BEL)||Domo–Farm Frites||20|
Notes and references
- On 24 August 2012, the United States Anti-Doping Agency announced that they had disqualified Armstrong from all his results since 1998, including his victory in the 2002 Tour de France. The Union Cycliste Internationale, responsible for the international cycling, confirmed this verdict on 22 October 2012.
- "Lance Armstrong Receives Lifetime Ban And Disqualification Of Competitive Results For Doping Violations Stemming From His Involvement In The United States Postal Service Pro-Cycling Team Doping Conspiracy". United States Anti-Doping Agency. 24 August 2012. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
- "Lance Armstrong stripped of all seven Tour de France wins by UCI". BBC News. BBC. 22 October 2012. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
- Maloney, Tim (26 October 2001). "2002 Tour de France Full Preview: A Classic Cuvee for the 89th Edition of-le-Tour de France". Cyclingnews. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 20 August 2011.
- Jones, Jeff (2 May 2002). "Tour de France team selection". Cyclingnews. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 20 August 2011.
- Jones, Jeff (3 June 2002). "Saeco out of the Tour". Cyclingnews. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 20 August 2011.
- "89ème Tour de France 2002" (in French). Mémoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 29 August 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
- Historical guide 2016, p. 93.
- Zwegers, Arian. "Tour de France GC Top Ten". CVCC. Archived from the original on 2009-06-10. Retrieved 15 Aug 2011.
- Historical guide 2016, p. 110.
- "Lance Armstrong will be banned from cycling by USADA after saying he won't fight doping charges". The Washington Post. 24 August 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- "USADA to ban Armstrong for life, strip Tour titles". CBS News. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- Christian, Sarah (2 July 2009). "Tour de France demystified - Evaluating success". RoadCycling.co.nz Ltd. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
- Chauner, David; Halstead, Michael (1990). The Tour de France Complete Book of Cycling. Villard. ISBN 0679729364. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
- Jones, Jeff (28 July 2002). "McEwen ends in green with Champs Elysées win". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 2002 Tour de France.|
- Official website at the Wayback Machine (archived 15 October 2002)
- 2002 Tour de France at Cyclingnews.com