Frances the Mute

Frances the Mute
Studio album by The Mars Volta
Released February 11, 2005 (Japan)
February 21, 2005 (Europe)
March 1, 2005 (US)
Recorded January–October 2004
Genre Progressive rock, experimental rock, psychedelic rock, musique concrète
Length 76:57 (CD edition)
77:19 (triple vinyl edition)
Label Gold Standard Laboratories, Universal, Strummer
Producer Omar Rodríguez-López
The Mars Volta chronology
De-Loused in the Comatorium
Frances the Mute
Singles from Frances the Mute
  1. "The Widow"
    Released: March 14, 2005
  2. "L' Via L' Viaquez"
    Released: July 11, 2005

Frances the Mute is the second studio album by American progressive rock band The Mars Volta released in February 2005 on Gold Standard Laboratories and Universal. Produced by guitarist and songwriter Omar Rodriguez-Lopez, the album incorporates dub, ambient, Latin and jazz influences, and is the first to feature bassist Juan Alderete and percussionist Marcel Rodriguez-Lopez. The album also includes contributions from future saxophonist Adrián Terrazas-González, who joined the band during its subsequent tour.

Frances the Mute sold 123,000 copies in its opening week and has sold 465,000 copies as of September 2006. The album made multiple "Best of" lists at the end of 2005.[1] In the Q & Mojo Classic Special Edition Pink Floyd & The Story of Prog Rock, the album came #18 in its list of "40 Cosmic Rock Albums"[2] and the album was named as one of Classic Rock's 10 essential progressive rock albums of the decade.[3][4]


Jeremy Ward, audio artist for The Mars Volta until his death, had previously worked as a repo man. One day, Ward discovered a diary in the backseat of a car he was repossessing, and began to note the similarities between his life and that of the author—most notably, that they had both been adopted. The diary told of the author's search for his biological parents, with the way being pointed by a collection of people, their names being the basis for each named track of Frances the Mute.

Writing and recording process

Omar Rodríguez-López started writing material for the band's second album even before De-Loused in the Comatorium was released, and during the subsequent tour, several new musical ideas would be tried out in concert. Two parts of "Cygnus....Vismund Cygnus" ("Facilis Descenus Averni" and "Con Safo") first appeared as middle sections in "Drunkship of Lanterns" (as heard on Live EP) and "Take the Veil Cerpin Taxt" respectively,[5][6] while several parts of "Cassandra Gemini" previously appeared in "Cicatriz ESP" lengthy improvisational workouts (as would be heard on Scabdates). The album was initially to be titled Sarcophagus.[7]

Rodríguez-López arranged and produced the recording sessions himself. Rather than bring his ideas to the band as a whole and working them out at group rehearsals, he met individually with each player to practice each part one-on-one. "We'll sit there and play it forever and slow—real slow—to understand what's happening. It's easy to play something fast and loud, but to play it soft and slow takes a certain amount of discipline. Then once we understand the part, everyone's free to elaborate—their personalities come out and it's not my part anymore; they get into and give it that swing that I can't give it."[8] Rodríguez-López took the additional step of recording the band member separately before layering the various tracks to create each song. Drummer Jon Theodore was the first to record his parts, and he spent time arranging and mapping out the songs with Omar and in the process figuring out what the rhythmic structures would be stated on the recording process. "This is the first time I've ever been so methodical about recording. Normally I would go into the situation with as good an idea as I could, whether that was from performing the songs on tour or having a general road map. But this was the first instance where I considered every single hit all the way through, every figure up to and including every change. There were no question marks. So when I was tracking with the metronome it was just a question of right or wrong."[9] An exception of such recording method was the middle section of "Cassandra Gemini", edited from a lengthy jam session.

Tracking this way had a mixed reception in the band; Theodore and bassist Juan Alderete responded well to the individualistic approach while keyboard player Isaiah "Ikey" Owens didn't like it at all. However, as Rodríguez-López stated, "People filling in ideas can become tedious and counterproductive. You find yourself working backwards. When you're in the studio 'what ifs' are your biggest enemy, so my general rule is, if it's something you can't live with—if a sentence begins with 'I can't' or 'I will not'—then we examine it. But if it's 'maybe we should' or 'I think that' then it's like, hey man, full steam ahead. Not that there isn't a lot of refinement to what we do—obviously there is— but I consider it a balance of raw energy and refinement."[8]

Frances the Mute featured the largest array of guest musicians on any Mars Volta album to date. Flea, who played bass on De-Loused in the Comatorium, this time contributed trumpet to "The Widow" and "Miranda...". "L'Via L'Viaquez" featured guitar solos from John Frusciante as well as Omar's childhood hero, salsa pianist Larry Harlow, while "Cassandra Gemini" had Adrián Terrazas-González (who eventually became a full-time member of the band) on woodwinds. All the tracks also included full string and horn sections, arranged by David Campbell with the help of Omar Rodríguez-López.

In 2012, Juan Alderete noted that Frances the Mute is the studio album he is most proud of.[10]


Frances the Mute is comparable to The Mars Volta's 2003 release De-Loused in the Comatorium, with its cryptic lyrics and highly layered instrumentals, although the progressive rock influence is stronger on Frances the Mute than it was on De-Loused in the Comatorium. "The Widow" is notably the only short, pop-structured song on the album, although the last half of it features a lengthy, non-radio-friendly outro of manipulated tape loops of organs and electronic noise; for the single release, this part was edited out. Ambient noise plays a larger role on Frances the Mute than it does on De-Loused in the Comatorium: "Cygnus....Vismund Cygnus" ends with the recording of children's voices and passing cars (made by Omar Rodriguez-Lopez in front of the house where he used to live with Bixler-Zavala and Ward[11]), while the first movement of "Miranda That Ghost Just Isn't Holy Anymore" ("Vade Mecum") features 4 minutes of coquí frogs (credited as "The Coquí of Puerto Rico" on the album sleeve) singing while a thick soundscape is slowly built from guitars, synthesizers and Bixler-Zavala's voice.

According to Rodriguez-Lopez, "Miranda..." was influenced by the music from western movies: "I'm a big fan of spaghetti-western and I think it shows on "Miranda". Our Morricone-influence has always been there, but on "Miranda" we let it all out. The last song ["Non-Zero Possibility"] on the last At the Drive-In album, the best thing we ever did by the way, had touches of spaghetti-western."

Fifth and final song of the album, "Cassandra Gemini", clocking at 32 minutes and 32 seconds is to date the longest studio song released by The Mars Volta. Rodriguez-Lopez said of the song: "Ever since I was a teenager, and had various listening experiences with the likes of King Crimson, John Coltrane, and Miles Davis's Bitches Brew, I've always wanted to do something like "Cassandra". Something deformed and out of control. Something enormous and violent, a whole album fitted into one composition. Something ruthless that no one can remain careless to."


Regarding the album's lyrical content, vocalist Cedric Bixler-Zavala stated:[12]

A lot of it was [written] on the spot. Omar — because he collects TVs — would set up his wall of TVs again. We used to live together and he would set them up all the time — kind of like in the David Bowie movie, The Man Who Fell to Earth, he had a stack of TVs like that. So he would do that while I would record vocals, and that would be the main inspiration. So it was everything from The Magnificent Seven and any Akira Kurosawa stuff. And I wouldn’t have [lyrics] written right away; I would just do takes of gibberish and then later try to fix them to make them into words. Sometimes he wanted to just keep the gibberish takes which he liked a lot better because it was the first reaction to the music. It’s just really [about] being in a state of being willing to give up to the producer your scratch tracks, as opposed to really working on it and refining it.

Release history

In December 2004, a full copy of Frances the Mute was leaked to the Internet from the vinyl version. The rip was of poor quality. Encoded as a 96 kbit/s MP3, other versions were reencoded to 192 kbit/s WMA from the source mp3, resulting in even worse audio quality. Gold Standard Laboratories issued a statement decrying the Internet release for its subpar sound quality, and suggesting that fans should respect the band's request not to share the leaked music.

Frances the Mute was released on February 11, 2005 in Japan and February 21, 2005 in Europe; the US release followed on midnight, March 1, 2005. Japanese version included a bonus DVD with three videos from the band's live performance at the Electric Ballroom, London in 2003 as well as an audio of non-album track "Frances the Mute". Gold Standard Laboratories issued two vinyl versions of the album, a standart 3-LP set on black vinyl, and a limited-edition 4-LP set printed on glow-in-the-dark vinyl and packaged in a red plastic case;[13] the fourth disc was a bonus 12" featuring "Frances the Mute" and a live acoustic version of "The Widow", recorded at The Wiltern, Los Angeles on May 6, 2004. A CD single featuring the same two tracks was given free with the purchase of the album at Best Buy stores in the US.

Frances The Mute sold over 100,000 copies within the first week of release, and debuted at number four on the Billboard Album Charts. According to Nielsen SoundScan, nearly 465,000 copies were sold in the United States. The album was the band's career best at No. 4 until their fourth album The Bedlam in Goliath came out almost 3 years later on the Billboard 200 at No. 3. The album was certified gold by the RIAA in the US for shipments of 500,000 albums on October 5, 2009.

In 2008, the edited version of "L'Via L'Viaquez" was featured on the video game Guitar Hero: World Tour.[14]


Professional ratings
Aggregate scores
Review scores
Entertainment WeeklyB−[18]
The Guardian[19]
Pitchfork Media2.0/10[22]
Rolling Stone[24]

The album so far has a score of 75 out of 100 from Metacritic based on "generally favorable reviews".[15] The Aquarian Weekly gave it an A and called it "a very heavyweight fight for a listener to get through."[26] gave it all five stars and said, "Leave the hating to the real playa hatas, like Buc Nasty and Silky Johnson, because Frances The Mute will blow your mind. So give up your qualms about how pretentious this is, and how overindulgent, because given the chance, you're in for a hell of a ride."[27] Drowned in Sound gave it a perfect score of ten and called it "a compulsory purchase."[28] Spin gave it an A− and said it "explores an explosive groove Comatorium only implied."[15] Kludge gave it a score of ten out of ten and called it a "multi-layered album that can be enjoyed through multiple artistic perspectives" which "works beautifully".[29] Playlouder gave it four-and-a-half stars out of five and said, "Miraculously the lyrics never sound like the pompous shite they undoubtedly are. They fit the music and make the whole picture even more laughably and absurdly brilliant."[30] In 2005, the album was ranked number 440 in Rock Hard magazine's book of The 500 Greatest Rock & Metal Albums of All Time.[31]

Blender gave it four stars out of five and called it "a visceral, powerful muso's record, a nerve-jangling explosion in a drum clinic."[15] Paste also gave it four stars out of five and said it "bursts at the jewel-case hinges with Comatorium’s trademarks: musical inventiveness and wildly emotive vocals."[32] NME gave it a score of seven out of ten and said, "Within this impressive, ambitious, often stupid whole, are moments of melthing human beauty."[33] Billboard gave it a positive review and said the album "unfolds upon multiple listens, sometimes threatening to collapse under its own pretensions (meandering musical passages, sound effects), but ultimately, it is an ambitious and rewarding album."[34] The A.V. Club also gave it a positive review and said, "On the whole, the record sounds more like the blueprint for a stunning live show than like a viable document of a top-flight hard rock band."[35]

Other reviews are pretty average, mixed or negative: Uncut gave it a score of three stars out of five and said it "smells like another concept album, is far too long and so pretentious as to be farcial. Amazingly, it's also mighty entertaining."[36] The Guardian also gave it a score of three stars out of five and said of The Mars Volta: "You have to give them credit for ambition, though, because you're not going to find this particular witches' brew anywhere else."[37] The New York Times gave it an average review and said, "The music combines the kitchen-sink inclusiveness of psychedelia with the swerves and jolts of the hip-hop era, to approach the ravenous eclecticism of Latin alternative rock."[38] Yahoo! Music UK gave it five stars out of ten and called it "An incredibly accomplished record, a true testament to the band’s imagination, intellectual curiosity and outrageous musical talent.... Unfortunately, 'Frances The Mute' is also awful."[39] Under the Radar also gave it a score of five stars out of ten and said, "Omar Rodriguez-Lopez and Cedric Bixler-Zavala are fantastically talented musicians and arrangers. But until they rein in their astronomical pretension, they'll always look more important than they truly are."[15]

Track listing

The album was initially slated to have six songs, however the title track "Frances the Mute" (which was going to be the first song) was left out due to time constraints. The lyrics for the title track still appeared on the inside of the CD jewel case tray, while the song itself was released on "The Widow" single. The ending of "Frances the Mute" reprises the album's bookend, "Sarcophagi" filtered through radio static.

The finalized track listing had five tracks and was intended to be released as such on all formats. Because of disputes with Universal Records, "Cassandra Gemini" (listed as "Cassandra Geminni" on most versions of the album) [note 1] was arbitrarily split into eight tracks on the CD version, taking up tracks 5 through 12, since the band would otherwise only be paid an EP's wages for a 5 track album. The splits also were not done according to the song's actual five movements. On digital music stores such as and iTunes Store, "Cassandra Gemini" appears as a single track.

On vinyl, "Cassandra Gemini" was split among two sides, in the middle of "Faminepulse". Each side of vinyl (save the final one) ends with a locked groove, repeating either a sound effect or a bar of music endlessly until the needle is lifted. The third side, containing "Miranda That Ghost Just Isn't Holy Anymore", opens by repeating the 27 seconds of coquí noises that conclude "L'Via L'Viaquez"; this small portion is indexed separately from "Miranda".[40]

Original track listing

All lyrics written by Cedric Bixler-Zavala, all music composed by Omar Rodríguez-López.

No. Title Length
1. "Cygnus....Vismund Cygnus"
  • "Sarcophagi"
  • "Umbilical Syllables"
  • "Facilis Descenus Averni"
  • "Con Safo"  
2. "The Widow"   5:51
3. "L'Via L'Viaquez"   12:21
4. "Miranda That Ghost Just Isn't Holy Anymore"
  • "Vade Mecum"
  • "Pour Another Icepick"
  • "Pisacis (Phra-Men-Ma)"
  • "Con Safo"  
5. "Cassandra Gemini"[note 1]
  • "Tarantism"
  • "Plant a Nail in the Navel Stream"
  • "Faminepulse"
  • "Multiple Spouse Wounds"
  • "Sarcophagi"  

CD pressing

No. Title Length
1. "Cygnus....Vismund Cygnus""   13:02
2. "The Widow"   5:51
3. "L'Via L'Viaquez"   12:21
4. "Miranda That Ghost Just Isn't Holy Anymore"   13:09
5. "Cassandra Gemini" (Pt. 1) 4:46
6. "Cassandra Gemini" (Pt. 2) 6:40
7. "Cassandra Gemini" (Pt. 3) 2:56
8. "Cassandra Gemini" (Pt. 4) 7:41
9. "Cassandra Gemini" (Pt. 5) 5:00
10. "Cassandra Gemini" (Pt. 6) 3:48
11. "Cassandra Gemini" (Pt. 7) 0:47
12. "Cassandra Gemini" (Pt. 8) 0:54

Japanese bonus DVD

"Frances the Mute" is presented as audio only; the rest is video.

No. Title Length
1. "Frances the Mute"
  • "In Thirteen Seconds"
  • "Nineteen Sank, While Six Could Swim"
  • "Five Would Grow and One Was Dead"  
2. "Drunkship of Lanterns" (live)  
3. "Cicatriz ESP" (live)  
4. "Televators" (live)  

Best Buy exclusive

The Best Buy version of the album included a download card for one bonus track:

No. Title Length
1. "The Widow" (live acoustic) 3:30

Vinyl pressing

Side One
No. Title Length
1. "Cygnus....Vismund Cygnus"
  • "Sarcophagi"
  • "Umbilical Syllables"
  • "Facilis Descendus Averni"
  • "Con Safo"  
2. "The Widow"   5:50
Side Two
No. Title Length
3. "L'Via L'Viaquez"   12:21
Side Three
No. Title Length
4. "Miranda That Ghost Just Isn't Holy Anymore"
  • "Vade Mecum"
  • "Pour Another Icepick"
  • "Pisacis (Phra-Men-Ma)"
  • "Con Safo"  
Side Four
No. Title Length
5. "Cassandra Gemini" (Pt. 1)
  • "Tarantism"
  • "Plant a Nail in the Navel Stream"
  • "Faminepulse"  
Side Five
No. Title Length
6. "Cassandra Gemini" (Pt. 2)
  • "Faminepulse"
  • "Multiple Spouse Wounds"
  • "Sarcophagi"  


The Mars Volta

Additional musicians




Chart (2005) Peak
Australian Albums (ARIA)[41] 9
Austrian Albums (Ö3 Austria)[42] 43
Belgian Albums (Ultratop Flanders)[43] 13
Belgian Albums (Ultratop Wallonia)[44] 70
Canadian Albums (Billboard)[45] 6
Dutch Albums (MegaCharts)[46] 34
Finnish Albums (Suomen virallinen lista)[47] 14
French Albums (SNEP)[48] 71
German Albums (Offizielle Top 100)[49] 23
Irish Albums (IRMA)[50] 18
Italian Albums (FIMI)[51] 21
New Zealand Albums (RMNZ)[52] 21
Norwegian Albums (VG-lista)[53] 1
Spanish Albums (PROMUSICAE)[54] 80
Swedish Albums (Sverigetopplistan)[55] 12
Swiss Albums (Schweizer Hitparade)[56] 81
UK Albums (OCC)[57] 23
US Billboard 200[58] 4


Single Chart (2005) Position
"The Widow" Mainstream Rock Tracks 26
Modern Rock Tracks 7
Billboard Hot 100 95
UK Singles Chart 20


  1. 1 2 The official spelling for the song title is "Cassandra Gemini", despite the typo "Geminni" printed on all parts of the CD packaging - the MusicBrainz database, the vinyl release of the album, and the band's official site all list the track as "Gemini."


  1. Acclaimed Music - Frances the Mute
  2. Q Classic: Pink Floyd & The Story of Prog Rock, 2005.
  3. Classic Rock, February 2010, Issue 141.
  4. "Classic Rock – 10 Essential 00s Prog Albums « New Music Excess". 2010-02-27. Retrieved 2012-02-16.
  5. "The Mars Volta - Drunkship of Lanterns - Audio, Lyrics, Information, Performances". The Marble Shrine. Retrieved 2012-02-16.
  6. "The Mars Volta - Take the Veil Cerpin Taxt - Audio, Lyrics, Information, Performances". The Marble Shrine. 2003-06-02. Retrieved 2012-02-16.
  7. MTV Italy Interview on YouTube
  8. 1 2 Fader Magazine, 2005
  9. Modern Drummer, June 2005 Issue
  11. Retrieved June 4, 2011. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. "Interview: Cedric Bixler-Zavala of The Mars Volta". Verbicide Magazine. Retrieved 2012-02-16.
  13. Frances the Mute: 4xLP information
  14. Guitar Hero: World Tour Set List
  15. 1 2 3 4 5 "Reviews for Frances the Mute by The Mars Volta". Metacritic. Retrieved November 11, 2007.
  16. Loftus, Johnny. "Frances the Mute – The Mars Volta". AllMusic. Retrieved November 11, 2007.
  17. Ratliff, Ben (April 2005). "The Mars Volta: Frances the Mute". Blender (35): 111. Archived from the original on October 31, 2007. Retrieved November 11, 2007.
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  20. "The Mars Volta: Frances the Mute". Mojo (137): 86. April 2005.
  21. Martin, Daniel (February 26, 2005). "The Mars Volta : Frances The Mute". NME. Retrieved November 11, 2007.
  22. Ubl, Sam (February 27, 2005). "The Mars Volta: Frances the Mute". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved November 11, 2007.
  23. "The Mars Volta: Frances the Mute". Q (224): 95. March 2005.
  24. Fricke, David (February 24, 2005). "Mars Volta: Frances The Mute". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on November 11, 2007. Retrieved November 11, 2007.
  25. "Prog Blog". Spin. 21 (3): 83–84. March 2005. Retrieved November 11, 2016.
  26. The Aquarian review
  27. review
  28. Drowned in Sound review
  29. Kludge review
  30. "Playlouder review". Archived from the original on 2005-03-01. Retrieved 2005-03-01.
  31. [...], Rock Hard (Hrsg.). [Red.: Michael Rensen. Mitarb.: Götz Kühnemund] (2005). Best of Rock & Metal die 500 stärksten Scheiben aller Zeiten. Königswinter: Heel. p. 33. ISBN 3-89880-517-4.
  32. Shellen, Grant (2005-04-01). "The Mars Volta - Frances The Mute :: Music :: Reviews". Paste. Archived from the original on 2005-04-13. Retrieved 2013-05-18.
  33. NME review
  34. "Billboard review". Archived from the original on 2005-05-04. Retrieved 2005-05-04.
  35. The A.V. Club review
  36. Album reviews at CD Universe
  37. The Guardian review
  38. The New York Times review
  39. "Yahoo! Music UK review". Archived from the original on 2005-04-05. Retrieved 2008-07-28.
  40. Mars Volta, The - Frances the Mute(Vinyl, LP) at Discogs
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