Job production

Job production, sometimes called jobbing or one-off production, involves producing custom work, such as a one-off product for a specific customer or a small batch of work in quantities usually less than those of mass-market products. Together with batch production and mass production (flow production) it is one of the three main production methods.[1][2]

Job production can be classical craft production by small firms (making railings for a specific house, building/repairing a computer for a specific customer, making flower arrangements for a specific wedding etc.), but large firms use job production, too, and the products of job production are often interchangeable, such as machined parts made by a job shop. Examples include:

Fabrication shops and machine shops whose work is primarily of the job production type are often called job shops. The associated people or corporations are sometimes called jobbers.

Job production is, in essence, manufacturing on a contract basis, and thus it forms a subset of the larger field of contract manufacturing. But the latter field also includes, in addition to jobbing, a higher level of outsourcing in which a product-line-owning company entrusts its entire production to a contractor, rather than just outsourcing parts of it.

Benefits and disadvantages

Key benefits of job production include:

Disadvantages include:

Essential features

There are a number of features that should be implemented in a job production environment, they include:

See also


  1. Production Methods, BBC GCSE Bitesize, retrieved 2012-10-26.
  2. One-off production, National Grid for Learning Cymru, retrieved: 2012-10-26.
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