Laetoria (gens)

The gens Laetoria was a plebeian family at ancient Rome. Its members appear regularly throughout the history of the Republic. None of the Laetorii ever obtained the consulship, but several achieved lesser offices of the Roman state.[1]


The only praenomina found among the Laetorii mentioned by the ancient historians are Marcus, Gaius, and Lucius, the three most common names at all periods of Roman history. Some sources mention a Gnaeus Laetorius, but in other sources his praenomen is Gaius.

Branches and cognomina

The Laetorii of the Republic do not appear to have been divided into families, and the only surnames found are Mergus, a seagull, and Plancianus, apparently derived from the nomen of the Plancia gens, and perhaps indicating that the bearer was a descendant of that family, who was adopted by one of the Laetorii.[2]


See also


  1. According to Livy, Laetorius was chosen by the popular assembly after the consuls could not agree on which of them should dedicate the new Temple of Mercury; the Senate was outraged by the election of a plebeian to perform these functions, but powerless to prevent it.[3] Münzer suggests that he was not plebeian aedile, but decemvir sacris faciundis.[4]
  2. Gnaeus Laetorius in some manuscripts. Broughton considers him the same as the praetor of 210 BC.[18][19]
  3. Licinnius in Plutarch.


  1. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, vol. II, p. 709 ("Laetorius").
  2. The New College Latin & English Dictionary ("mergus").
  3. 1 2 Livy, ii. 27.
  4. Münzer, pp. 89 ff.
  5. Broughton, vol. I, p. 13.
  6. Livy, ii. 56–58.
  7. Dionysius, ix. 41–49.
  8. Broughton, vol. I, p. 30.
  9. Valerius Maximus vi. 1. § 11.
  10. Suda, s. v. Γάϊος Λαιτώριως.
  11. Dionysius, excerpta Valesiana, pp. 88 ff. (ed. Mai).
  12. Fasti Capitolini.
  13. Broughton, vol. I, p. 288.
  14. Livy, xxiii. 30, xxv. 22, xxvi. 23, xxvii. 7, 8.
  15. Broughton, vol. I, pp. 270, 279, 284 (note 1), 288.
  16. Livy, xxx. 39.
  17. Broughton, vol. I, pp. 316, 318, 319.
  18. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, vol. II, p. 709 ("Laetorius", no. 7).
  19. Broughton, vol. I, pp. 325, 326 (note 5).
  20. Livy, xxxi. 21.
  21. Valerius Maximus, iv. 7. § 2.
  22. Plutarch, "The Life of Gaius Gracchus", 16, 17.
  23. Appian, Bellum Civile, i. 60 ff.


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