List of wealthiest families
The following is a collection of published estimates of the wealth of families of industrialists or financiers (not including royal families or autocratic ruling dynasties). Notably, Forbes has published a compendium of "America's Richest Families" since 2014. As of the 2015 list, only three families are listed as wealthier than the net worth of the richest individual (Bill Gates at 79 billion USD): the Walton family (USD 149 billion), the Koch family (USD 86 billion) and the Mars family (USD 80 billion). The Rothschild family of bankers might be the world's richest family, accumulating wealth since their rise in the 19th century; there have been attempts to estimate the Rothschild wealth, figures ranging from US$300 to US$400 billion. Forbes distinguishes between wealth held by an identifiable "nuclear family" and the wider notion of a historical "dynasty", where the wealth of a historically family-owned company has become distributed between various branches of descendants.
- The Bardi family of Florence (14th century)
- The Medici family, as owners of the Medici Bank, the richest family in 15th-century Europe.
- The Gondi family of Florence, financial partners of the Medici family in the 15th century.
- The Fugger family of mercantile bankers and venture capitalists was among the richest family in the 16th century.
- The Welser family, alongside the Fugger one of the most important families of merchant bankers in 16th-century Europe.
- The Baring family, owners of an important merchant bank in London in the 18th to 19th centuries.
- The Schröder family, a leading Hanseatic family of Hamburg in the 18th to 19th centuries.
- The Rothschild family of bankers became the richest family in the mid 19th century.
- The Goldman–Sachs family, owners of the Goldman Sachs investment bank from 1869 to 1912.
- List of wealthiest historical figures
- List of cities by number of billionaires
- List of countries by the number of US dollar billionaires
- List of the richest royals
- List of wealthiest animals
- List of wealthiest organizations
- Billion-Dollar Bloodlines: America's Richest Families 2015 (America’s Richest Families), in 2105 supplemented by a list of Asia's Richest Families.
- John Pitman, Cristina von Zeppelin, Chandrani Ghosh, David Armstrong, The Dynasties, Forbes, 28 February 2002. "The names are famous and often synonymous with great brands, from spaghetti to tires; those who bear them are without question fabulously wealthy. Yet the Rothschilds, Rockefellers, Michelins and 35 other billionaire families don’t appear on the Forbes World’s Richest People list. Why not? It’s a question of degrees. We have tried to distinguish between fortunes that belong to individuals or nuclear families, and those that have been passed down through more than one branch of the family tree and are often shared by dozens of heirs. "
- "Ambani family".
- "Alberto Bailleres Gonzalez & family". Forbes. Retrieved 23 June 2015.
- "Barbey family". Forbes.com. Retrieved 2016-11-14.
- "100 העשירים בישראל 2016" (in Hebrew). Forbes Israel. 7 September 2016. Retrieved 7 September 2016.
- "America's Richest Families".
- "Hinduja family".
- "Asia's Richest Families".
- "Michael Klein - Forbes". Forbes. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
- "Lee (Shau Kee) family".
- "Some 40 family members share in the ownership of Sal. Oppenheim Jr. & Cie. The bank, which was founded in 1789, is Europe’s largest ($8 billion in assets) and perhaps most prestigious private bank." John Pitman, Cristina von Zeppelin, Chandrani Ghosh, David Armstrong, The Dynasties, Forbes, 28 February 2002.
- "#93 David & Simon Reuben - Forbes.com".
- "Texas billionaire Harold Simmons' heirs save some money on taxes".
- "The World's Billionaires". Forbes. August 7, 2015. Retrieved July 4, 2016.
- "Medtech's Billionaires: #1 The Stryker Family and John Brown - MDDI Medical Device and Diagnostic Industry News Products and Suppliers".
- Shaw, Anny (25 April 2016). "Rich list 2016: fortunes drop for several British-based art collectors ". The Art Newspaper (London). Retrieved 25 April 2016.
- de Roover, Raymond Adrien (1966), The rise and decline of the Medici Bank: 1397–1494, New York City; Toronto: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.; George J. McLeod Limited (respectively), LCCN 63-11417
- Daniel Eckert,So wurde Jakob Fugger zum reichsten Menschen der Historie ("This is how Jakob Fugger became the wealthiest person in history"), Die Welt, 6 June 2016 (German). "Auf heutige Verhältnisse hochgerechnet läge das Vermögen des Bauernenkels bei unglaublichen 400 Milliarden Dollar (354 Milliarden Euro). In die Nähe dieses Wertes kamen nur die Rothschilds, die in ihrer Glanzzeit im 19. Jahrhundert die mächtigste Bankiersfamilie der Welt waren" ("Adjusted to current-day conditions, the net worth of the farmer's grandson would be close to astonishing 400 billion dollars (354 billion Euro). Only the Rothschild family, at their peak in the 19th century the most powerful family of bankers, came close to such a figure."
- Niall Ferguson, The Ascent of Money (2008), p. 88: "Between 1818 and 1852, the combined capital of the five Rothschild 'houses' (Frankfurt, London, Naples, Paris and Vienna) rose from £1.8 million to £9.5 million. As early as 1825 their combined capital was nine times greater than that of Baring Brothers and the Banque de France. By 1899, at £41 million, it exceeded the capital of the five biggest German joint-stock banks put together." "After the [Napoleonic] war, Nathan Rothschild bragged of turning his 20k pound fortune into 50 million pounds in only 17 years. In 1820, 50 million pounds would be equivalent to 32 billion pounds today . [...] In 1850, Jacob Rothschild’s recorded net worth was 600 million francs, which was significantly more than all the other French bankers combined. In today’s US dollars that would be equivalent to $11.4 billion." How Much Money Do The Rothschilds Have?, Bilzerian Report, 16 March 2012.
- The company admitted the first partner who was not a family member in 1912, and Henry Goldman resigned in 1917. William D. Cohan, Money and Power: How Goldman Sachs Came to Rule the World (2012).