South African Music Awards
|South African Music Awards (SAMA)|
Annual South African Music Awards Generic Logo
|Awarded for||Outstanding achievements in the music industry of South Africa|
|Presented by||Recording Industry of South Africa|
The South African Music Awards (often simply the SAMAs) are the Recording Industry of South Africa's music industry awards, established in 1995. The ceremony is held in late-April or May every year, with the judging process starting in November of the previous year. The nominations are typically announced at the end of March. The winners receive a gold-plated statuette called a SAMA.
The show has mostly been held at the Super Bowl in Sun City, with the exception of three years, and broadcast live on national broadcaster, SABC. The ceremony features live performances as once-off collaborations by a selection of nominees. The SAMAs are considered the South African equivalent of the American Grammy Awards.
As of the 21st SAMAs, in 2015, there are a total of thirty-six categories awarded. These categories change from year to year to accommodate changes in music styles and changes in popularity of already existing genres. These generes include Adult Contemporary, Afrikaans, Classical, Dance, Faith, Jazz, Kwaito, Maskandi, Pop, Rap, Reggae, RnB, Rock, Soul and Traditional.
At times genres are grouped together into a single category based on their popularity amongst a certain demographic (e.g. Best Urban Artist nominees are often Hip Hop, African pop and Kwaito artists grouped together since these genres are popular amongst South Africans living in urban areas).
Top Five awards
These are the top five award categories of the SAMAs. They were first introduced at the ceremony in 1995, with exception of Album of the Year that was introduced in 2007.
- Album of the Year
- Best Newcomer of the Year
- Best Female Artist of the Year
- Best Male Artist of the Year
- Best Duo or Group of the Year
The winners of the following SAMAs are not chosen by a panel of judges:
- Record of the Year: Determined by a public vote, traditionally by SMS
Eligibility and entry
At the beginning of the adjudication process a Supervisory Committee is setup, It consists of two members from each of five “super genre” categories, which are Global Charts, Urban, Traditional, Technical and Jazz or Classical. This committee oversees the entire SAMA ceremony production process, along with the Steering, General Rules, and Vetting Committees. These committees are composed of unpaid volunteers from record companies and industry stakeholders. The judges are drawn from a wide spectrum to include journalists, critics, musicians, producers, and academics. There are five judges per genre category, based on the judge’s field of expertise. The judge’s anonymity is protected by the Steering committee, who ensure the judge’s do not influence each other. The entire adjudication process takes place between September and February, with the nominees announced in March.
The first phase takes place between late-September and December. The Steering Committee first determine the award categories, rules, and judging criteria for the entries. A panel of judges is elected and a call for entries takes place in November. The entries are vetted to comply with the committee rules, and genre guidelines.
In this genre category phase, the judges receive a copy of the entries (either an album and DVD) by the end of December. The entries are scored against the criteria set by the Steering Committee. The score cards are submitted online, along with recommendations for the Top Five category nominees. The Top Five categories are nominated from the same pool of entries. An electronic judging system calculates the results, which are then audited by an independent firm at the end of January.
This final phase of adjudication evaluates the Top Five categories. One judge from each genre category is selected to be part of the first round of voting. These judges select their top three entries, in their respective genres, taking into account the recommendations from other judges. The independent auditing firm ensures that a finalist in the Top Five has qualified for a nomination in their respective genre. Once the auditors have confirmed the Top Five finalist list, the last round of voting begins. All the judges participate in this round to determine the winners of each Top Five categories.
The first awards ceremony was in 1995, there have been 21 editions to date.
|Ceremony||Date||Most Awards||Album of the Year||Best Newcomer||Best Female Artist||Best Male Artist||Best Duo or Group||Host(s)||Venue|
|1st SAMA||1995||No Award||Soweto String Quartet||Brenda Fassie||Jabu Khanyile||No Award|
|2nd SAMA||1996||Qkumba Zoo||Vicky Sampson||Lebo M.|
|3rd SAMA||1997||Revolution||Sibongile Khumalo||Johannes Kerkorrel||Ladysmith Black Mambazo|
|4th SAMA||1998||Jimmy Dludlu||Yvonne Chaka Chaka||Vusi Mahlasela||The Usual|
|5th SAMA||18 May 1999||Tasché||Brenda Fassie||Ringo Madlingozi||TKZee|
|6th SAMA||30 March 2000||Gloria Bosman||Busi Mhlongo||Jimmy Dludlu||Ladysmith Black Mambazo||Martin Jonas||Sun City Super Bowl|
|7th SAMA||5 April 2001||Selaelo Selota||Miriam Makeba||Don Laka||Bayete and Jabu Khanyile||Sandton Convention Centre|
|8th SAMA||13 April 2002||Ernie Smith||Judith Sephuma||Jimmy Dludlu||Bongo Maffin|| Vusi Twala
|Sun City Super Bowl|
|9th SAMA||6 April 2003||Moses Khumalo||Sibongile Khumalo||Hugh Masekela||Mafikizolo|
|10th SAMA||29 May 2004||Adilah||Swazi Dlamini||Themba Mkhize||Mafikizolo|| Unathi Nkayi |
|11th SAMA||19 April 2005||Simphiwe Dana||Thandiswa Mazwai||Themba Mkhize||Revolution|
|12th SAMA||6 May 2006||Judith Sephuma (3)||Brickz||Judith Sephuma||Jimmy Dludlu||Bongo Maffin||Tumisho Masha|
|13th SAMA||14 April 2007||Simphiwe Dana (4)||The One Love Movement On Bantu Biko Street||Siphokazi||Simphiwe Dana||Vusi Mahlasela||Mafikizolo||Kabelo Mabalane|
|14th SAMA||3 May 2008||Freshlyground (4)||Ma' Cheri||Tasha Baxter||Karen Zoid||HHP||Freshlyground|
|15th SAMA||2 May 2009||Lira (4)||Soul In Mind||Andile Mseleku||Lira||Abdullah Ibrahim||Soweto Gospel Choir||Trevor Noah|
|16th SAMA||16 April 2010||Undisputed||Tshepo Mngoma||Lira||Black Coffee||Jaziel Brothers||Trevor Noah|
|17th SAMA||21 May 2011||Professor (4)||Fabrics Of The Heart||Locnville||Thandiswa Mazwai||Professor||Liquideep||Loyiso Bala||Montecasino|
|18th SAMA||29 April 2012||Zahara (8)||Loliwe||Zahara||Zahara||AKA||Mi Casa||Sun City Super Bowl|
|19th SAMA||11 May 2013||Khuli Chana (3)||Lost in Time||Toya Delazy||Kelly Khumalo||Khuli Chana||Freshlyground|
|20th SAMA||28 April 2014||Mafikizolo (3)||Reunited||Naima Kay||Zahara||Kabomo||Mafikizolo||No Host|
|SAMA XXI||19 April 2015||Beatenberg (3)||The Hanging Gardens of Beatenberg||Cassper Nyovest||Bucie||AKA||Beatenberg||HHP|
|SAMA22||4 June 2016||Nathi (6)||Pieces of Me||Nathi||Zonke||Nathi||Big Nuz|| Somizi Mhlongo
|Durban International Convention Centre|
Arthur Mafokate on-stage defiance (1995)
At the 1st South African Music Awards, kwaito artist Arthur Mafokate performed a simulation of anal sex on a dancer. This was done as an act of defiance to the organisers, as he felt there was a need for a Kwaito Award. The following year the organiser introduced the award category.
Funky national anthem (1997)
It had been three years since the first democratic elections in South Africa and a new national anthem had been introduced at the beginning of the 1997. At the 3rd South African Music Awards, popular kwaito-group Boom Shaka decided to re-create the anthem in a "funky" on-stage performance, that later caused a "public blacklash".
Brenda Fassie demanding her award (2001)
Towards the end of the five-hour-long 7th South African Music Awards, Brenda Fassie accused a prominent journalist of being a homosexual - using the derogatory slang word moffie. She went on to further accuse him of destroying her with the articles he published. At an after-party, she was seen fighting with Mandoza and demanding that he hand over his award as it was "her award".
First Virtual Reality live broadcast (2016)
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