International Solar Alliance

International Solar Alliance

Sunshine Countries

World map showing the Tropic of Cancer
Abbreviation ISA (International Solar Alliance)
Type International Group
Legal status Active
Purpose Bring together a group of nations to endorse clean energy, sustainable environment, public transport and climate
Headquarters Gurugram, Haryana, India
  • Announced at Paris Climate Summit
Region served
countries between the Tropic of Cancer and Capricorn

The International Solar Alliance is an alliance of more than 120 countries, most of them being sunshine countries, which come either completely or partly between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. The alliance's primary objective is work for efficient exploitation of solar energy to reduce dependence on fossil fuels. This initiative was first proposed by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in a speech in November 2015 at Wembley Stadium, in which he referred to sunshine countries as suryaputra ("sons of the sun").[1] The alliance is a treaty-based inter-governmental organization.

The initiative was launched by Modi at the India Africa Summit, and a meeting of member countries ahead of the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris in November 2015.[2][3] The Framework Agreement of the International Solar Alliance opened for signatures in Marrakech, Morocco in November 2016, and 121 countries have joined.


The ISA is to be hardhearted in India.[4] In January 2016, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, and the French President François Hollande jointly laid the foundation stone of the ISA Headquarters and inaugurated the interim Secretariat of the ISA at the National Institute of Solar Energy (NISE) in Gwalpahari, Gurgaon. The Indian government has dedicated five acres of land on the NISE campus for ISA's future headquarters; it also has contributed 1.75 billion (US$26 million) to the fund to build the ISA campus and for meeting expenditures for the ISA's first five years.[5]

The alliance is also called International Agency for Solar Policy and Application (IASPA).[6]


The focus is on solar power utilization. The launching of such an alliance in Paris also sends a strong signal to the global communities about the sincerity of the developing nations towards their concern about climate change and to switch to a low-carbon growth path. India has pledged a target of installing 100GW by 2022 and reduction in emission intensity by 33–35% by 2030 to let solar energy reach to the most unconnected villages and communities and also towards creating a clean planet.[7] India's pledge to the Paris summit offered to bring 40% of its electricity generation capacity (not actual production) from non-fossil sources (renewable, large hydro, and nuclear) by 2030.[8] it is based on world co operation.

Geographical importance

The area of Earth located in between the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn is called the tropical (torrid) zone. The points on the Tropic of Cancer are the northernmost points up to which the Sun can pass directly overhead. Similarly, the southernmost points are on the Tropic of Capricorn which follow the same criteria. Location at the north of the Tropic of Cancer shows the Sun appearing at the south of the zenith.[9] The sunniest countries of the world are on the African continent, ranging from Somalia- Horn of Africa-, east to Niger, west and north to Egypt.[10]

For India, the possible additional benefit from the alliance can be the strengthening ties and with the major African countries increase goodwill for India among them.[11][12]

India's Role

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi The headquarters will be set up in India with an investment of an initial $30M. In first phase, $400M will be raised from membership fees along with international agencies.[13] India already has ambitious targets of achieving renewable energy that it will generate more than 175GW of renewable energy capacity by 2022 and decrease emission intensity by 33 to 35 percent by 2030.[14] India will endorse clean energy, sustainable environment, public transport and climate adaptive agriculture through this initiative.[14][15]

India has also launched a tool named IESS 2047 (India Energy Security Scenarios 2047 calculator) which aims to explore the potential of future energy scenarios for India.[16]

Countries joined

The alliance is a treaty-based inter-governmental organization.[4] The Framework Agreement of the International Solar Alliance opened for signatures in Marrakech, Morocco in November 2016, on the sidelines of the Marrakech Climate Change Conference (the twenty-second session of the Conference of the Parties, or COP 22). On its first day, fifteen countries signed the Agreement: Brazil; the Democratic Republic of Congo; the Dominican Republic; the Republic of Guinea; Mali; Nauru; Niger; Tanzania; Tuvalu; Cambodia; Ethiopia; Burkina Faso; Bangladesh and Madagascar.[4]

Subsequently, an additional 107 countries joined the agreement, including comprising all major countries that lie between the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, including Mexico, Peru, Chile, Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil, India, Australia, New Zealand, and China. A conclave started from 30 November 2015 for the sunshine grouping, called the InSPA (International Agency for Solar Policy & Application). This brought the total number [17]

Future targets

India with support of France has invited more solar rich nations to facilitate infrastructure for implementation of solar projects. The alliance has been committed $1 tn as investment and it is committed to bringing down the costs of solar power to make it affordable for remote and inaccessible communities. The alliance will endorse India in achieving its 100GW of solar energy and to installing 175GW of renewable energy by 2022. The countries shall support each other in research and development and other high level activities.[18]

It is also seen as an alliance by the developing countries to form a united front and to undertake research and development for making solar power equipment within developing countries.[19]


On June 30, 2016 entered into an understanding with the World Bank for accelerating mobilization of finance for solar energy. The Bank will have a major role in mobilizing more than US $1000 billion in investments that will be needed by 2030, to meet ISA’s goals for the massive deployment of affordable solar energy.[20]

See also


  1. "Narendra Modi's Speech at Wembley Stadium: As It Happened". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2015-11-18.
  2. PM Narendra Modi and French President Francois Hollande to launch game changing solar alliance, The Economic Times, 30 November 2015
  3. France, India to launch global solar alliance, Reuters, 29 November 2015
  4. 1 2 3 "International Solar Alliance opened for signing in Morocco". The Economic Times. 2016. Retrieved 16 November 2016.
  5. "International Solar Alliance will be the First International and Inter-Governmental Organisation of 121 Countries to have Headquarters in India with United Nations as Strategic Partner" (Press release). Press Information Bureau, National Informatics Centre, Government of India.
  6. "Reports: India to announce global solar power alliance". Retrieved 2015-11-18.
  7. "107 'sunshine countries' could weld together ahead of Paris meet to give shape to PM's vision – The Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2015-11-30.
  8. Neslen, Arthur. "India unveils global solar alliance of 120 countries at Paris climate summit". the Guardian. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
  9. "What is the significance of the Tropic of Cancer, Tropic of Capricorn, Arctic Circle and Antarctic Circle? (Beginner) – Curious About Astronomy? Ask an Astronomer". Retrieved 2015-11-30.
  10. "Which countries receive the most sunlight?". Retrieved 2015-11-30.
  11. "Modi to launch solar alliance on first day of Paris climate summit". Retrieved 2015-12-01. External link in |website= (help)
  12. "International Solar Alliance sign of India's leadership on global stage, say experts – Firstpost". Firstpost. Retrieved 2015-12-04.
  13. Neslen, Arthur (4 December 2015). "India Unveils Global Solar Alliance of 120 Countries at Paris Climate Summit". AlterNet. Retrieved 2015-12-05.
  14. 1 2 "PM Modi calls for global alliance in promoting solar energy to tackle climate change: All you need to know : Current Affairs". Retrieved 2015-11-18.
  15. "Solar Alliance targets access to technology at climate change conference". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2015-12-02.
  16. "NITI Aayog launches India Energy Security Scenarios 2047 – An Interactive Energy Platform".
  17. "107 countries to join PM and his sunshine band in November – The Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2015-11-30.
  18. "107 'sunshine countries' may shape PM's vision". Live India. Retrieved 2015-11-30.
  19. "Paris climate meet: India-led global solar alliance to counter developed nations". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
  20. "International Solar Alliance Cell and World Bank Signs Declaration for Promoting Solar Energy". Press Information Bureau, Govt. of India. 30 June 2016. Retrieved 1 July 2016.

External links

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