International Solar Alliance
World map showing the Tropic of Cancer
|Abbreviation||ISA (International Solar Alliance)|
|Purpose||Bring together a group of nations to endorse clean energy, sustainable environment, public transport and climate|
|Headquarters||Gurugram, Haryana, India|
|countries between the Tropic of Cancer and Capricorn|
The International Solar Alliance is an alliance of more than 120 countries, most of them being sunshine countries, which come either completely or partly between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. The alliance's primary objective is work for efficient exploitation of solar energy to reduce dependence on fossil fuels. This initiative was first proposed by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in a speech in November 2015 at Wembley Stadium, in which he referred to sunshine countries as suryaputra ("sons of the sun"). The alliance is a treaty-based inter-governmental organization.
The initiative was launched by Modi at the India Africa Summit, and a meeting of member countries ahead of the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris in November 2015. The Framework Agreement of the International Solar Alliance opened for signatures in Marrakech, Morocco in November 2016, and 121 countries have joined.
The ISA is to be hardhearted in India. In January 2016, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, and the French President François Hollande jointly laid the foundation stone of the ISA Headquarters and inaugurated the interim Secretariat of the ISA at the National Institute of Solar Energy (NISE) in Gwalpahari, Gurgaon. The Indian government has dedicated five acres of land on the NISE campus for ISA's future headquarters; it also has contributed ₹1.75 billion (US$26 million) to the fund to build the ISA campus and for meeting expenditures for the ISA's first five years.
The focus is on solar power utilization. The launching of such an alliance in Paris also sends a strong signal to the global communities about the sincerity of the developing nations towards their concern about climate change and to switch to a low-carbon growth path. India has pledged a target of installing 100GW by 2022 and reduction in emission intensity by 33–35% by 2030 to let solar energy reach to the most unconnected villages and communities and also towards creating a clean planet. India's pledge to the Paris summit offered to bring 40% of its electricity generation capacity (not actual production) from non-fossil sources (renewable, large hydro, and nuclear) by 2030. it is based on world co operation.
The area of Earth located in between the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn is called the tropical (torrid) zone. The points on the Tropic of Cancer are the northernmost points up to which the Sun can pass directly overhead. Similarly, the southernmost points are on the Tropic of Capricorn which follow the same criteria. Location at the north of the Tropic of Cancer shows the Sun appearing at the south of the zenith. The sunniest countries of the world are on the African continent, ranging from Somalia- Horn of Africa-, east to Niger, west and north to Egypt.
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi The headquarters will be set up in India with an investment of an initial $30M. In first phase, $400M will be raised from membership fees along with international agencies. India already has ambitious targets of achieving renewable energy that it will generate more than 175GW of renewable energy capacity by 2022 and decrease emission intensity by 33 to 35 percent by 2030. India will endorse clean energy, sustainable environment, public transport and climate adaptive agriculture through this initiative.
The alliance is a treaty-based inter-governmental organization. The Framework Agreement of the International Solar Alliance opened for signatures in Marrakech, Morocco in November 2016, on the sidelines of the Marrakech Climate Change Conference (the twenty-second session of the Conference of the Parties, or COP 22). On its first day, fifteen countries signed the Agreement: Brazil; the Democratic Republic of Congo; the Dominican Republic; the Republic of Guinea; Mali; Nauru; Niger; Tanzania; Tuvalu; Cambodia; Ethiopia; Burkina Faso; Bangladesh and Madagascar.
Subsequently, an additional 107 countries joined the agreement, including comprising all major countries that lie between the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, including Mexico, Peru, Chile, Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil, India, Australia, New Zealand, and China. A conclave started from 30 November 2015 for the sunshine grouping, called the InSPA (International Agency for Solar Policy & Application). This brought the total number
India with support of France has invited more solar rich nations to facilitate infrastructure for implementation of solar projects. The alliance has been committed $1 tn as investment and it is committed to bringing down the costs of solar power to make it affordable for remote and inaccessible communities. The alliance will endorse India in achieving its 100GW of solar energy and to installing 175GW of renewable energy by 2022. The countries shall support each other in research and development and other high level activities.
On June 30, 2016 entered into an understanding with the World Bank for accelerating mobilization of finance for solar energy. The Bank will have a major role in mobilizing more than US $1000 billion in investments that will be needed by 2030, to meet ISA’s goals for the massive deployment of affordable solar energy.
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