|Studio album by Jefferson Airplane|
|Released||February 1, 1967|
|Recorded||October 31 – November 22, 1966|
|Studio||RCA Victor's Music Center, Hollywood, California|
59:03 (2003 reissue)
|Jefferson Airplane chronology|
|Singles from Surrealistic Pillow|
|The Village Voice||B+|
Surrealistic Pillow is the second album by American rock band Jefferson Airplane, released on February 1, 1967, by RCA Victor (LSP-3766 [stereo] and LPM-3766 [mono]). It is the first album by the band with vocalist Grace Slick and drummer Spencer Dryden. The album peaked at number three on the Billboard album chart and has been certified a gold album by the RIAA.
Original drummer Alexander "Skip" Spence had left the band in mid-1966. He was soon replaced by Dryden, an experienced Los Angeles jazz drummer and the half-nephew of Charlie Chaplin. New female vocalist Slick, formerly with another San Francisco rock band the Great Society, joined the Airplane in the fall of 1966. Slick, Dryden, male lead vocalist Marty Balin, guitarist-vocalist-songwriter Paul Kantner, lead guitarist (and occasional vocalist) Jorma Kaukonen, and bassist Jack Casady formed the core of the best-known line-up of the group, which remained stable until Dryden's departure in early 1970.
Jefferson Airplane's fusion of folk rock and psychedelia was original at the time, in line with musical developments pioneered by The Byrds, The Mamas & the Papas, Bob Dylan, The Yardbirds, and The Beatles, among other mid-1960s rock bands. Surrealistic Pillow was the first blockbuster psychedelic album by a band from San Francisco, announcing to the world the active bohemian scene that had developed there starting with The Beats during the 1950s, extending and changing through the 1960s into the Haight-Ashbury counterculture. Subsequent exposure generated by the Airplane and others wrought great changes to that counterculture, and by 1968 the ensuing national media attention had precipitated a very different San Francisco scene than had existed in 1966. San Francisco photographer Herb Greene photographed the band for the album's cover art.
Some controversy exists as to the role of Grateful Dead guitarist Jerry Garcia in the making of the album. His reputed presence on several tracks is denied by producer Rick Jarrard, but he is credited on the RCA label copy, as well as received credits on the Flight Log compilation and the Jefferson Airplane Loves You box set. In his sleeve notes for Early Flight - the 1974 compilation album of previously unreleased material - the band's sometime manager Bill Thompson writes only that Garcia was, "listed as 'spiritual advisor' on the album cover [and] played one of the guitars", on "In The Morning", a track recorded at the Surrealistic Pillow sessions, but first included on the album on the 2003 reissue. Garcia himself recalled in a mid-1967 interview that he had played the high lead on "Today", played on "Plastic Fantastic Lover" and "Comin' Back to Me", and that he had arranged and essentially rewritten "Somebody to Love". He also played on two songs not released until the reissue ("JPP McStep B Blues"and "In the Morning") and may have played on "How Do You Feel". Kaukonen said that Garcia was essentially the producer who arranged the songs. A comment by Garcia about the music being "as surrealistic as a pillow" also reportedly inspired the album title.
The album was mixed in both mono and stereo. The stereo version includes heavier echo effects not present on the mono version.
Singles and reissues
Two singles were released from the album later in the year, "Somebody to Love" and "White Rabbit", peaked respectively at number five and number eight on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and are the band's only Top 40 hits on that chart. Both mono and stereo mixes are available on two 2001 reissues, an RCA Gold CD edition and as part of the Ignition box set. Another stereo reissue appeared on August 19, 2003, with six bonus tracks, including the mono A-sides of "Somebody to Love" and "White Rabbit". The 2003 reissue was produced by Bob Irwin. The original United Kingdom version of the LP was a mish-mash of the United States version and their first LP, Jefferson Airplane Takes Off.
- Side one
- "She Has Funny Cars" (Jorma Kaukonen, Marty Balin) – 3:14
- "Somebody to Love" (Darby Slick) – 3:00
- "My Best Friend" (Skip Spence) – 3:04
- "Today" (Balin, Paul Kantner) – 3:03
- "Comin' Back to Me" (Balin) – 5:23
- Side two
- "3/5 of a Mile in 10 Seconds" (Balin) – 3:45
- "D.C.B.A.–25" (Kantner) – 2:39
- "How Do You Feel" (Tom Mastin) – 3:34
- "Embryonic Journey" (Kaukonen) – 1:55
- "White Rabbit" (Grace Slick) – 2:32
- "Plastic Fantastic Lover" (Balin) – 2:39
- 2003 reissue bonus tracks
- "In the Morning" (Kaukonen) – 6:21
- "J.P.P. McStep B. Blues" (Spence) – 2:37
- "Go to Her" (Version two) (Kantner, Irving Estes) – 4:02
- "Come Back Baby" (traditional, arranged Kaukonen) – 2:56
- "Somebody to Love" (Mono single version) (Darby Slick) – 2:58
- "White Rabbit" (mono single version) (Grace Slick)/"D.C.B.A.-25" (instrumental) – 5:21
1967 UK release
- "My Best Friend"
- "3/5 Of A Mile In 10 Seconds"
- "D.C.B.A. - 25"
- "How Do You Feel"
- "Embryonic Journey"
- "Don't Slip Away" (Balin, Spence)
- "Come Up The Years" (Balin, Kantner)
- "Chauffeur Blues" (Lester Melrose)
- "Comin' Back To Me"
- "Somebody To Love"
- These tracks were originally issued in the US on Jefferson Airplane Takes Off.
- Marty Balin – vocals, guitar, album design
- Jack Casady – bass guitar, fuzz bass, rhythm guitar
- Spencer Dryden – drums, percussion
- Paul Kantner – rhythm guitar, vocals
- Jorma Kaukonen – lead guitar, vocals
- Grace Slick – vocals, piano, organ, recorder
- Signe Toly Anderson - vocals on "Chauffeur Blues"
- Skip Spence - drums on "Don't Slip Away", "Come Up the Years", and "Chauffeur Blues"
- Additional personnel
- Jerry Garcia – guitar on "Today", "Comin' Back to Me", "Plastic Fantastic Lover", "In the Morning", and "J. P. P. McStep B. Blues"
- Herb Greene – photography
- David Hassinger – engineering
- Rick Jarrard – production
|1967||"My Best Friend"||Billboard Pop Singles||103|
|1967||"Somebody to Love"||Billboard Pop Singles||5|
|1967||"White Rabbit"||Billboard Pop Singles||8|
|RIAA – USA||Gold||July 24, 1967|
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- "Gold & Platinum - RIAA".
- Nick Talevski (7 April 2010). Rock Obituaries - Knocking On Heaven's Door. Omnibus Press. pp. 144–. ISBN 978-0-85712-117-2.
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- Surrealistic Pillow (Vinyl back). Jefferson Airplane. New York City: RCA. 1967. LSP-3766.
- Tamarakin, Jeff (2003). Got a Revolution: The Turbulent Flight of Jefferson Airplane. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 0-671-03403-0.
- Flight Log (Vinyl booklet). Jefferson Airplane. San Francisco: Grunt Records. 1977. CYL2-1255.
- Jefferson Airplane Loves You (booklet). Jefferson Airplane. New York City: RCA. 1992. 61110.
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- Ashes, Light Into (28 December 2010). "Grateful Dead Guide: Jerry Garcia & Surrealistic Pillow".
- Jgmf (21 December 2010). "Jerry Garcia's Middle Finger: Garcia on Jefferson Airplane, Surrealistic Pillow".
- "The RS 500 Greatest Albums of All Time". Rolling Stone: 2. Archived from the original on 14 December 2006.
- UK issue of Surrealistic Pillow at Discogs.com
- "Billboard". Google Books. Google. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
- Surrealistic Pillow (Adobe Flash) at Radio3Net (streamed copy where licensed)
- Album entry at Jefferson Airplane's website