The Memory of Trees

The Memory of Trees
Studio album by Enya
Released 20 November 1995 (1995-11-20)
Recorded Aigle Studios
(Killiney, County Dublin, Ireland)
Length 43:24
Enya chronology
The Celts
The Memory of Trees
Paint the Sky with Stars
Singles from The Memory of Trees
  1. "Anywhere Is"
    Released: 20 November 1995
  2. "On My Way Home"
    Released: 22 November 1996

The Memory of Trees is the fourth studio album by Irish singer, songwriter and musician Enya, released on 20 November 1995 by Warner Music internationally and on 5 December 1995 by Reprise Records in the United States. At the end of her worldwide promotional tour to support her previous album Shepherd Moons, Enya took a short break before she resumed writing and recording a new album with her usual recording partners, arranger and producer Nicky Ryan and his wife, lyricist Roma Ryan. The album is Enya's first to be recorded entirely in Ireland. Enya continues to display her sound of multi-tracked vocals with keyboards and elements of Celtic and new age music, though Enya does not consider her music to be in the latter genre. She sings in English, Gaelic, Latin and Spanish.

The Memory of Trees received mostly positive reviews from critics and was a commercial success. It reached number five in the United Kingdom and number nine on the Billboard 200 in the United States. The album was certified multi-platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America for shipments in excess of three million. Two tracks were released as singles; "Anywhere Is" in 1995, which reached number seven in the United Kingdom, followed by "On My Way Home" in November 1996, which peaked at number twenty-six. Enya supported the album with a promotional tour which included several performances. The Memory of Trees was the subject of Enya's second Grammy Award for Best New Age Album, in 1997.[1][2] In 2009, it was remastered and released in Japan with bonus tracks.[3] In 2016, it was released on Vinyl for the first time, as it was not released on that format when the album was released.

Background and recording

In 1992, Enya wrapped up her worldwide media tour to promote her previous album, Shepherd Moons. After her involvement with the soundtrack to Far and Away (1992), which used her track "Book of Days", she took a year long break from music. Enya resumed work in 1993 to write and record The Memory of Trees with her usual recording partners, arranger and producer Nicky Ryan and his wife, lyricist Roma Ryan.[4][5] Following the release of Shepherd Moons, the Ryans relocated Aigle Studios, their home recording studio in Artane, a northern suburb of Dublin, to their new home in Killiney, County Dublin. Enya's previous albums obliged the three to record in Artane and finish them in a London studio as they lacked the right equipment, leaving them to work among "so many distractions" and high studio rental costs. Aigle Studio was upgraded upon its relocation.[5]

As well as the piano and synthesizer, Enya plays the violin, cello, and percussion instruments on the album.[4] The front cover is based on a painting by Maxfield Parrish.[6] Within the last eight months of recording, Enya's routine consisted of waking "at seven or eight o'clock and working late", in order to "give as much as I could" as she "gave 100 per cent" on the album.[7]

Music and lyrics

The vocals for "Hope Has a Place" were recorded on location at the Silent Valley Reservoir in the Mourne Mountains, Ireland

"The Memory of Trees" originated from Roma after she read about Irish mythology and the Druids, who placed a great importance on trees and believed they were sacred and possessed wisdom. Roma suggested to have the album named after the track and Enya agreed, thinking the title is "very strong" and can conjure up different images and ideas in people's minds.[4] The ambiguity of the title, she said, is what made her like it so much.[8] "Hope Has a Place" was developed lyrically at first, after Roma visited the Silent Valley Reservoir in the Mourne Mountains in Ireland. Enya subsequently made a visit to the reservoir with Nicky, who wished to record the lead vocal there.[5] As well as English, Enya sings in three other languages. "Pax Deorum" is sung in Latin and means "Peace of the Gods", "Athair Ar Neamh" is sung in Irish and means "Heavenly Father", and "La Soñadora" is sung in Spanish and translates to "The Dreamer". The latter was written around Amergin Glúingel, a Druid of the Milesian race who recited a poem upon his arrival to Ireland, and an ancestral connection to Spain in Enya's family tree, which made her want to sing the song in Spanish.[5][9]

Around a year-and-a-half into the recording stage, Rob Dickins, chairman of WEA, who Enya was signed to, was invited to listen to the album at a time when Enya and Nicky felt it needed further development. Dickens liked the material already recorded, but felt "Anywhere Is", a track that was close to being rejected, needed more work as it "had the makings of an obvious single". The track was changed accordingly, and was the final track to be worked on.[5] Dickins is credited on the album's sleeve in Gaelic.[10] The song is about, as Billboard put it, "the search for the temporal heaven all cultures call 'home'", a subject that Enya felt was important as she needs to be at home when she writes and records her albums.[8]

The 1st Japanese edition of the album contains an extra track, "Oriel Window", a piano instrumental that was recorded durning the "Shepherd Moons" era in 1991.[11] The 2009 Japanese remastered edition contains "I May Not Awaken", the B-side to "On My Way Home", as well as the single edits of " Anywhere Is" and "On My Way Home".[12]

Release and reception

Professional ratings
Review scores
Entertainment WeeklyB[13]
Los Angeles Times[14]
Rolling Stone[16]

WEA organised a release party in London for journalists and broadcasters on the Silver Barracuda, a pleasure boat that travelled from Charing Cross to Greenwich, where a reception was held at Queen's House with fireworks.[7] The Memory of Trees was released on 20 November 1995 by Warner Music in the United Kingdom and on 5 December 1995 by Reprise Records in the United States.[1][8] It was a commercial success, reaching number five on the United Kingdom album chart and number nine on the Billboard 200 in the United States, where the album went on to sell over three million copies. Enya and Nicky promoted the album with a worldwide media tour across sixteen countries.[17]

"Anywhere Is" was released as the lead single in November 1995; the second single, "On My Way Home", followed in November 1996. The Memory of Trees achieved a Grammy Award for Best New Age Album in 1997.[1][2] "The Memory of Trees" is used in the soundtrack to Shot Through the Heart (1998). "Once You Had Gold" was used in the score of the American romantic comedy film Knocked Up (2007) and "Pax Deorum" was used in the score of the American documentary film For the Bible Tells Me So (2007) and as an unreleased track on the 1986 BBC documentary The Celts. On 24 July 2011, Yamagata Broadcasting Company of Japan used "China Roses" in its sign-off on the occasion of its final analogue television broadcast. An instrumental version of "Athair Ar Neamh" was played when Sofia Hellqvist walked down the aisle during her wedding to Sweden's Prince Carl Philip.

The Memory of Trees received mostly positive reviews from critics. The Cincinnati Post gave the album a rating of "B+", describing it as "sonorous melodies, glowing with strings, piano and crashing percussion" with "luxurious vocals". The only drawback it noted was its similarity to Shepherd Moons, particularly with "Anywhere Is". The review concluded with: "But really, who cares? In its essence, Trees" has "the myth and warmth that implies".[18] In his review for The Washington Post, Mike Joyce noted its similarity to Watermark and Shepherd Moons, "brimming with the kind of lush orchestrations, celestial harmonies and mystical imagery" and "lyrical grace and spiritual power of its own, not to mention some pop smarts", a combination that makes the majority of similar albums "utterly dull". Joyce praises her vocals and Nicky Ryan's production to create a "cascading shower of harmonies".[19]

Jim Sullivan wrote a review for The Boston Globe. He thought the album was not "quite as exotic or transcendent" as Enya's previous two albums, but she and the Ryans produce "serene ambience" and "new-age music with subtlety and smarts". He wrote "Anywhere Is" "has a frothy, trivial pop bounce", but wished for a greater amount of "movement and drama" in the tracks.[20] The Record included a review from Steven Johnson, who noted the album did not break any new musical ground, "But why change what works?" He highlighted Enya's "ethereal" vocals and "Anywhere Is", a "spirited melody" that is the furthest away from her usual "tried-and-true" musical formula. Johnson concluded: "A super collection of music that, at its best, seems to touch the stars".[21]

Track listing

All music composed by Enya, all songs produced by Nicky Ryan, all lyrics by Roma Ryan.

No. Title Length
1. "The Memory of Trees"   4:18
2. "Anywhere Is"   3:58
3. "Pax Deorum"   4:58
4. "Athair Ar Neamh"   3:39
5. "From Where I Am"   2:20
6. "China Roses"   4:47
7. "Hope Has a Place"   4:44
8. "Tea-House Moon"   2:41
9. "Once You Had Gold"   3:16
10. "La Soñadora"   3:35
11. "On My Way Home"   5:08

Chart performance

Chart Peak
Australian ARIA Albums Chart 1
Austrian Albums Chart 3
Belgian Ultratop 50 Albums (Flanders) 3
Belgian Ultratop 50 Albums (Wallonia) 6
Dutch Albums Chart 1
Finnish Albums Chart 11
German Albums Chart 4
Irish Albums Chart 1
New Zealand Albums Chart 3
Norwergian Albums Chart 1
Spanish Albums Chart 1
Swedish Albums Chart 1
Swiss Albums Chart 3
UK Albums Chart 5
U.S. Billboard 200[22] 9


Region Certification Certified units/Sales
Argentina (CAPIF)[23] Platinum 60,000*
Australia (ARIA)[24] 4× Platinum 280,000^
Austria (IFPI Austria)[25] Platinum 50,000*
Brazil (ABPD)[26] Platinum 250,000*
Canada (Music Canada)[27] Platinum 100,000^
Finland (Musiikkituottajat)[28] Gold 21,714[28]
France (SNEP)[29] Gold 100,000*
Germany (BVMI)[30] Gold 250,000^
Japan (RIAJ)[31] 3× Platinum 600,000^
Netherlands (NVPI)[32] Platinum 100,000^
New Zealand (RMNZ)[33] Platinum 15,000^
Poland (ZPAV)[34] Gold 50,000*
Spain (PROMUSICAE)[35] 3× Platinum 300,000^
Sweden (GLF)[36] Platinum 100,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[37] 2× Platinum 600,000^
United States (RIAA)[38] 3× Platinum 3,000,000^
Europe (IFPI)[39] 2× Platinum 2,000,000*
Worldwide 10,000,000

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

Release history

Country Date Format Label
Worldwide 20 November 1995 Warner Music
United States 5 December 1995 Reprise
Worldwide[40] 11 November 2016 LP


  1. 1 2 3 4 The Memory of Trees at AllMusic
  2. 1 2 Warner Brazil: Enya Biography
  4. 1 2 3 Kelly, Merilee (18 January 1996). "Transcript of Enya's radio interview with Merilee Kelly on KSCA-FM". Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 Zimmerman, Keith (25 January 1996). "Enya & the Memory of Trees". Gavin (2089). Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  6. Singer-Songwriter Enya. HuffPost Live. 14 March 2016. Event occurs at 21:25–21:48. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
  7. 1 2 Courtney, Kevin (30 December 1995). "The enigma of Enya". The Irish Times. Retrieved 22 June 2016 via HighBeam Research. (subscription required (help)).
  8. 1 2 3 White, Timothy (25 November 1995). "Enya: 'Memory,' Myth & Mythology". Billboard: 5. Retrieved 24 June 2016.
  9. Adams, Noah (15 January 1996). "Enya Releases Third CD, 'The Memory of Trees'". NPR: All Things Considered radio program. Retrieved 22 June 2016 via HighBeam Research. (subscription required (help)).
  10. Gritten, David (7 January 1996). "Enya Dreams". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 6 January 2016.
  11. The Memory of Trees (Media notes). WEA Japan. 1995. WPCR-550.
  12. The Memory of Trees (Media notes). WEA Japan. 2009. WPCR-13300.
  13. Browne, David (1995-12-08). "The Memory of Trees Review". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2013-09-22.
  14. Heckman, Don (1995-12-02). "ALBUM REVIEWS : Musical Spirits Continue to Inspire Enya". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2013-09-22.
  15. "Enya - Memory of Trees CD Album". CD Universe. Retrieved 2013-09-22.
  16. Gardner, Elysa (1996-01-25). "Enya: The Memory of Trees : Music Reviews". Rolling Stone: 73. Archived from the original on 2008-06-09. Retrieved 2013-09-22.
  17. Stewart, Ken (7 September 1996). "Ireland: The Billboard Spotlight". Billboard. Vol. 108 no. 36. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  18. "ENYA'S NEW 'TREES' LOVELY, LAYERED SOUND". The Cincinnati Post. 4 January 1996. Retrieved 22 June 2016 via HighBeam Research. (subscription required (help)).
  19. Joyce, Mike (7 January 1996). "Enya's 'Trees': That Eire Quality". The Washington Post. Retrieved 22 June 2016 via HighBeam Research. (subscription required (help)).
  20. Sullivan, Jim (28 December 1995). "ENYA THE MEMORY OF TREES Reprise/Warner Bros.". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 22 June 2016 via HighBeam Research. (subscription required (help)).
  21. Johnson, Steven C. (21 January 1996). "ENYA". The Record (Bergen County, New Jersey). Retrieved 22 June 2016 via HighBeam Research. (subscription required (help)).
  22. "The Memory of Trees - Enya". Billboard. Retrieved 2010-06-29.
  23. "Argentinian album certifications – Enya – The Memory of Trees". Argentine Chamber of Phonograms and Videograms Producers.
  24. "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 1996 Albums". Australian Recording Industry Association.
  25. "Austrian album certifications – Enya – Memory of Trees" (in German). IFPI Austria. Enter Enya in the field Interpret. Enter Memory of Trees in the field Titel. Select album in the field Format. Click Suchen
  26. "Brazilian album certifications – Enya – The Memory of Trees" (in Portuguese). Associação Brasileira dos Produtores de Discos.
  27. "Canadian album certifications – Enya – The Memory of Trees". Music Canada.
  28. 1 2 "Enya" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland.
  29. "French album certifications – Enya – The Memory of Trees" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique.
  30. "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Enya; 'The Memory of Trees')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie.
  31. "RIAJ > The Record > June 1997 > Certified Awards (April 1997)" (PDF). Recording Industry Association of Japan (in Japanese). Retrieved 29 January 2014.
  32. "Dutch album certifications – Enya – The Memory of Trees" (in Dutch). Nederlandse Vereniging van Producenten en Importeurs van beeld- en geluidsdragers.
  33. "New Zealand album certifications – Enya – The Memory of Trees". Recorded Music NZ.
  34. "Polish album certifications – Enya – The Memory of Trees" (in Polish). Polish Society of the Phonographic Industry.
  35. "Solo Exitos 1959–2002 Ano A Ano: Certificados > 1995–1999". Iberautor Promociones Culturales. ISBN 8480486392.
  36. "Guld- och Platinacertifikat − År 1987−1998" (PDF) (in Swedish). IFPI Sweden.
  37. "British album certifications – Enya – The Memory of Trees". British Phonographic Industry. Enter The Memory of Trees in the field Keywords. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Select Platinum in the field By Award. Click Search
  38. "American album certifications – Enya – The Memory of Trees". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
  39. "IFPI Platinum Europe Awards – 1996". International Federation of the Phonographic Industry.

External links

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