Traditional economy is an original economic system in which traditions, customs, and beliefs help shape the goods and the services the economy produces, as well as the rules and manner of their distribution. Countries that use this type of economic system are often rural and farm-based. Also known as a subsistence economy, a traditional economy is defined by bartering and trading. Little surplus is produced, and if any excess goods are made, they are typically given to a ruling authority or landowner.
A pure traditional economy has had no changes in how it operates (there are few of these today). Examples of traditional economies include those of the Inuit or those of the tea plantations in South India. Traditional economies are popularly conceived of as "primitive" or "undeveloped" economic systems, having tools or techniques seen as outdated. As with the notion of contemporary primitiveness and with modernity itself, the view that traditional economies are backwards is not shared by scholars in economics and anthropology.
- George K. Tharian and P. K. Michael Tharakan, "Penetration of Capital into a Traditional Economy: the Case of Tea Plantations in Kerala, 3880–3950". Studies in History, August 1986 (vol. 2 no. 2, pp. 199–229. doi:10.1177/025764308600200204
- Definition of term Archived from the original 2012-04-10.
- David Alexander, "Newfoundland's Traditional Economy and Development to 1934". Acadiensis: Journal of the History of the Atlantic Region, vol. 5, No. 2 (Spring 1976), pp. 56–78.
- Marina V. Rosser et al., "The new traditional economy: A new perspective for comparative economics?" MCB UP Ltd doi:10.1108/03068299910227318