Quintus Junius Blaesus (died AD 31) was a Roman novus homo ("new man," that is, the first member of his family to gain entrance to the Roman nobility) who lived during the reigns of Augustus and Tiberius. He was the maternal uncle of Lucius Aelius Sejanus, the Praetorian Prefect of Emperor Tiberius.
Almost nothing is known of the career of Quintus Junius Blaesus prior to AD 10, when he served as suffect consul with Servius Cornelius Lentulus Maluginensis. The exception is a lead ingot attesting he was proconsul of Sicilia; the date of his office can be dated no closer than the reign of Augustus.
Blaesus subsequently appears as commander of the armies stationed in Pannonia when a mutiny broke out after the death of Augustus in the year 14. According to Tacitus, after military service in the Great Illyrian Revolt, soldiers were unhappy with their payment of swampy and mountainous Pannonian lands and demanded restitution. To ease tensions, Blaesus offered to commit suicide, but his request was ignored. According to the Roman historian Cassius Dio, the soldiers arrested and tortured his slaves, and then attempted to kill Blaesus. However, he managed to temporarily restore order by convincing them to send envoys to the Roman Senate. In response, Tiberius sent his son Drusus to put down the rebellion, accompanied by Sejanus and two Praetorian cohorts.
Blaesus' next post was that of proconsul of Africa from 21 to 23. He was helped to achieve this office due to his nephew, Sejanus, insofar as their relationship convinced the other possible choice, Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, to withdraw from contention.
Blaesus' career came to an end in the year 31, when his nephew Sejanus was accused of treason and executed by order of Tiberius. Blaesus was put on trial as one of his associates. However, instead of awaiting execution, he chose to commit suicide.
Marriage and family
The identity of the wife of Quintus Junius Blaesus is unknown, as is the date of their marriage. However, Blaesus is known to have had at least two children, both sons, each of whom became consul in his own right: Quintus Junius Blaesus (suffect consul 26) and Lucius Junius Blaesus (suffect consul 28).
- Werner Eck, "Über die prätorischen Prokonsulate in der Kaiserzeit. Eine quellenkritische Überlegung", Zephyr 23/24 (1972/73), p. 239
- Tacitus, Annals I.18
- Cassius Dio, Roman History LVII.4
- Tacitus, Annals III.35
- Tacitus, Annals III.72, III.73
- Tacitus, Annals V.7
- Syme, R. Augustan Aristocracy (1989), pp. 163, 304
- Tacitus, Annals VI.40
- Tacitus, Histories II.38.3
- Tacitus, Annals Book 3, chapters 72 and 73, English translation
- Cassius Dio, Roman History, Book 57, Chapter 4, English translation
Publius Cornelius Dolabella, and
Gaius Junius Silanus
as ordinary consuls
| Suffect consul of the Roman Empire
with Servius Cornelius Lentulus Maluginensis
Manius Aemilius Lepidus,
and Titus Statilius Taurus
as ordinary consuls
| Proconsul of Africa
21 – 23
Publius Cornelius Dolabella