Leon Benzaquen

Leon Benzaquen (Tangier, 31 December 1928[1][2] 06 May 1977[3]) was a Moroccan doctor who became the personal doctor for King Mohammed V of Morocco, and the first Moroccan Jewish minister after Morocco received its independence in 1956, in its first independent kingdom and government.[4][5] He was first appointed as telegraph and Communications minister and later minister of Health,[6] a post occupied by Benzaquen until 1958.[7]

Dr. Leon Benzaquen

When Morocco received its independence in 1956, the Jewish community held quite a few respectable political positions, including three parliamentarian seats and one cabinet post as mail and telegraph minister.[5][8] Upon receiving its independence in 1956, the Sultan insisted upon the appointment of Leon Benzaquen, while the Jewish community was unable to reach a consensus on whom to send as a representative to the cabinet. coincident with his appointment Benzaquen expressed his favor opinion on the Jewish right to emigrate, pending it will not include pressure or propaganda. The problem at the time was the objection of various forces in Morocco to a mass Jewish emigration that will play into the hands of the Jewish Agency for Israel, however the right to emigrate was in fact recognized on an individual basis. He also claimed that Morocco and Tunisia may play a role in mediating between the Arab states and Israel, and that despite not being able to express their opinion in public, the Moroccan leaders do not sense any sympathy towards Gamal Abdel Nasser or other Arab dictators in the middle east.[6]

The prevailing view is that Benzaquen remained neutral during the Morocco's struggle for independence, due to an internal Jewish struggle among Jewish-Moroccan modernists, graduates of AIU, Zionists, and traditionalists (In 1944, he refused to sign the first Independence Manifesto of the "Istiqlal" group, who opposed the occupation but also the kingdom).[4]

Despite this gesture of good will towards the Jewish-Moroccan community, in appointing Leon Benzaquen to a ministerial post, Benzaquen did not survive in occupying the post when there was a government reshuffle for the first time in Morocco since it received its independence, and Jews in Morocco were no longer appointed to the cabinet[6][8] (until the '80s).[5]


  1. descendants-Leon BENZAQUEN-ancestors Archived 2011-07-07 at the Wayback Machine, www.mygenealogy.ch
  2. Husband-Wife-Children Archived 2011-07-07 at the Wayback Machine, www.mygenealogy.ch
  3. Yigal bin-noun, Les reactions aux propos anti juifs dans la presse marocaine dans les années 1962-1963 Archived 2011-07-08 at the Wayback Machine, yigbin.blogspot.com
  4. Israeli Independence and Moroccan Independence Movement, rickgold.home.mindspring.com
  5. Ahmed El Amraoui, Jewish woman in Morocco poll fray, Al Jazeera website, 7 September 2007
  6. AJC - M E M O R A N D U M - Irving M. Engel Interviews With Dr. Leon Benzaquen of Morocco and Premier Bourguiba of Tunisia, 4 December 1956 (PDF)
  7. André Goldberg, "'Les juifs du Maroc" (paris, 1992) pp. 88, 90–91 Archived 2011-07-14 at the Wayback Machine
  8. Norman Steilmann, "יהודי מדינות ערב בזמנים המודרניים" (2003), pp. 172–173 ISBN 0-8276-0370-3
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