Boussemghoun (Arabic: بوسمغون) is a municipality in El Bayadh Province, Algeria. It is co-extensive with the district of Boussemghoun, and has a population of 2,480 which gives it 7 seats in the PMA. Its postal code is 32320 and its municipal code is 3213.
|Commune of Boussemghoun|
Location of Boussemghoun within El Bayadh Province
Location of Boussemghoun within Algeria
|Coordinates: 32°52′N 0°01′E|
|• PMA Seats||7|
|• Total||585 km2 (226 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,199 m (3,934 ft)|
|• Density||4.2/km2 (11/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01 (CET)|
The people of Boussemghoun speak a Berber dialect, locally termed "Chelha" or "Tachelhit"; as of 2004, this remained in regular use, in contrast with some neighbouring villages where the use of Berber is reported to be declining. The oasis is a centre of the Tijaniyyah order, which was founded there by Sidi Ahmad al-Tijani in 1782; it has a Tijaniyyah zaouia.
The earliest known historical mention of Boussemghoun is by Ibn Khaldun, in reference to a raid in 1370.
- Mohamed Benali, Boussemghoun: Espace confrérique et pratiques linguistiques, Dar El Gharb: Oran 2004, pp. 16, 110
- op. cit., pp. 41ff.
- op. cit., p. 40.