Vsevolod Oleksandrovych Holubovych (Ukrainian: Все́волод Олекса́ндрович Голубо́вич; Russian: Все́волод Алекса́ндрович Голубо́вич; February 1885 – 16 May 1939) was the Prime Minister of the Ukrainian People's Republic from January to March 1918.
|2nd Prime Minister of Ukraine
January 31, 1918 – April 29, 1918
(speaker of Central Rada)
|Mykola Vasylenko (acting)
Balta uyezd, Russian Empire
|16 May 1939
Yaroslavl, Soviet Union
|UPSR (since 1912) (leader)
|Ukrainian Revolutionary Party (1903-1912)
|Tetyana Kardynalovska (1917-1919)
Frida Vitikhnovska (1922-1939)
|Kiev Polytechnic Institute (1915)
Holubovych was born in the village of Poltavka, Balta uyezd, Podolie Governorate. Vsevolod's father was Alexander Holubovych (Aug. 25, 1846 - Nov. 28, 1902) and his mother Iryna Ovsiyevna Yefremovych (Apr.29, 1859 - Oct.2, 1921). Born into a priest family, Holubovych as was expected to start his education in the Podolie Spiritual Seminary of Ivan Bohoslov (Kamyanets-Podilsky). Remarkable is the fact that the same seminary was attended by another future Prime Minister of Ukraine, Volodymyr Chekhivsky as a teacher. Vsevolod by the end of his studies in the seminary started to be interested in the political life in the country and in 1903 joined the Revolutionary Ukrainian Party.
Vsevolod decided to deviate from his family occupation, enrolling in the Engineering Department of the Kiev Polytechnic Institute (KPI). In 1905 he was arrested for the first time and was excluded from the university. It took his mother's influence and connections to refrain Vsevolod from interrogations and reinstatement back into university. The administration of KPI reviewed her son's case and charged him with a simple administrative warning. Vsevolod was allowed to complete his studies in 1915 when Holubovych finally received his diploma in civil engineering (road network specialization). Considering all the complications that involved to reinstate him back in school, he nonetheless chose to ignore the warning and together with his friend Ivan Nemolovsky, who just returned from Belgium, established the Ukrainian Socialist-Revolutionary underground group. The party has already was earning the popularity amongst various categories of population in the Russian Empire and especially in the Ukrainian lands.
Upon graduating Holubovych got a job as a professional railway engineer at the Southern Railways. Still in school, in 1914 he already worked as an assistant manager at a some station in Kharkov Governorate. According to his family documents as an assistant to the railway division in Odessa, Holubovych was receiving 1500 rubles pay and 375 rubles in living allowances. In September 1917 he was the chief of the department of water, highway, and road communications for the Romanian Front. In spring 1917 Holubovych created an Odessa department of the Ukrainian Socialist Revolutionary Party (UPSR) amongst the railway workers of the Odessa network. As the leader of that party he was elected to the Odessa City Council (Duma) and by April 1917 Holubovych headed the council.
He was a member of the Odessa Ukrainian Hromada, from the name of which he sent a petition to the Russian Provisional Government to give Ukraine its territorial autonomy. Due to the Soviet aggression on Ukraine without declaration of war and poor management of the State Affairs on the part of Volodymyr Vynnychenko, the Central Rada was forced to appoint Vsevolod Holubovych as the head of Ukrainian government on January 31, 1918. Holubovych also headed the Ukrainian delegation to Brest-Litovsk and negotiated the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (February 9, 1918). After a German-backed coup, which installed Pavlo Skoropadsky as Hetman of Ukraine on April 29, Holubovych was arrested and convicted in kidnapping of banker A.Dobry. He was imprisoned until December 16, 1918 in Lukyanivka. In August 1920 was arrested again by the Special team of the 14th Army. A year later he was convicted to five years in prison as part of the Ukrainian SR process together with some other Ukrainian politicians such as Serhiy Ostapenko. Holubovych was amnisted right away on December 1921.
In 1931 he was arrested together with his wife in Kharkiv and later convicted now as part of the famous Ukrainian national center and imprisoned in Yaroslavl, Russian SFSR. He died in imprisonment in 1939.
- Alexander Kochanowsky (Ukrainian: Олександр Кохановський), a nephew, electrical-engineer (Kharkiv Technological Institute). Kochanovsky was born in Vinnytsia on May 25, 1904 and was a son of Zina Holubovych (sister of Vsevolod Holubovych). He was a member of the Ukrainian Society of Engineers. One of his several hobbies was to write poetry.
| General Secretary of Transport
July 1917–August 14, 1917
| General Secretary of Trade and Industry
reformed into Ministry in 1918
November 20, 1917–January 18, 1918
- (in English) About Holubovych
- (in Ukrainian) Serbin, S. In another time, in another place. Scientific-Research Institute of Ukrainian Studies website