Taifa of Arcos

The Taifa of Arcos (Arabic: طائفة أركش) was a Berber[1] medieval taifa kingdom that existed in two periods; first from 1011 to 1068. Ruled by the Zanata Berber family of the Banū Jizrūn. From 1068 until 1091 it was under the forcible control of Seville, by Abbad II al-Mu'tadid.[2] It regained its independence from 1143 to 1145 when it was finally conquered by the Almohad Caliphate.

Taifa of Arcos

Taifa Kingdom of Arcos, c. 1037.
CapitalArcos de la Frontera, currently in Cádiz, Andalusia, Spain
Common languagesAndalusi Arabic, Mozarabic, Hebrew
Islam, Roman Catholicism, Judaism
Historical eraMiddle Ages
 Downfall of Caliphate of Córdoba
1068–1091 / 1101–1143
 Conquered by the Almohad Caliphate
CurrencyDirham and Dinar
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Almohad dynasty

The Banū Jizrūn, belonging to the Berber Zanata confederation, led by Muhammad I, seized the cora of Sidonia after expelling the Ummayad governor that ruled. The dynasty proclaimed its independence, giving rise to the kingdom Taifa of Arcos in 1011, with its capital in the present city of Arcos de la Frontera.

List of Emirs

Jizrunid dynasty

  • Muhammad I al-Jazari Imad ad-Dawla: 1011/2–1029/30
  • 'Abdun ibn Muhammad: 1029/30–1053
  • Muhammad II al-Qaim: 1053–1068/9


Idrisid dynasty

  • Abu'l-Qasim Ahyal (also in Jerez): 1143–1145

See also

  • List of Sunni Muslim dynasties


  1. Bosch-Vilà, J. (1988-04-01). Andalus (in French). Éditions Peeters. pp. 641–647. ISBN 2857443196.
  2. "Abbadid". Encyclopædia Britannica. I: A-Ak - Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, IL: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 2010. pp. 8. ISBN 978-1-59339-837-8.

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