Erfoud (Berber languages: Arfud; Arabic: أرفود) is an oasis town in the Sahara Desert, in the Drâa-Tafilalet region in eastern Morocco. It is divided into several districts: Hay Salam, Hay Jdid, Hay Ziz, Hay el Bathaa, Hay Annahda, and Hay el Hamri.


Arfud  (Berber languages)
أرفود  (Arabic)
Arfoud  (French)
Central Market Souq of Erfoud
Location in Morocco
Erfoud (Africa)
Coordinates: 31°26′10″N 4°13′58″W
Country Morocco
807 m (2,648 ft)
Arabs Berbers
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
Erfoud, city center district.

Due to its proximity to Merzouga desert village in the Erg Chebbi Dunes, Erfoud has developed tourist-related infrastructures such as hotels and restaurants.

Filming location

Erfoud is a destination for filmmakers due to the beauty of the surrounding Sahara Desert and the town's oasis areas. Erfoud has been a filming location for many films, including:

In the film archeologists are uncovering an ancient city near Erfoud buried by a sand storm 3,000 years ago. The site is the resting place of a Berber saint, "The Angel of the Desert".
Filming began in Marrakech, Morocco on May 4, 1998 and lasted 17 weeks. Photography then moved to the Sahara Desert outside Erfoud.[1][2]
Production designer Allan Cameron found a dormant volcano near Erfoud where the entire set for Hamunaptra could be constructed.[1][2]
Mike Newell selected Morocco as a shooting location for the film and also planned to film in Pinewood Studios. Filming began in July 2008 in Morocco. Eight weeks were spent in Morocco before the first unit moved to Pinewood.[3]
For the 24th (official) James Bond film, the nearby Gara Medouar played the part of an enemy headquarters.

Mars analogue research

This area of Morocco has also been identified as being very similar in appearance and possibly geology to certain areas on the planet Mars. Because of this, there is an interest in this area as a field research location for Mars analogue research.

In February 2013 the Austrian Space Forum spent the whole month with a field team including two space suit simulators (Aouda.X and Aouda.S) and a number of rovers to conduct a large number of experiments. They were supported by a Mission Support Center run from Innsbruck, Austria to simulate a mission to the surface of Mars.[4] The main desert base camp was named Camp Weyprecht on February 11, with a later satellite camp about 80 km further south being called Station Payer.


  1. "Behind the Scenes". The Mummy Official Site: Universal Studios. 1999. Archived from the original on 2 June 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-24.
  2. Portman, Jamie (May 5, 1999). "Mummy Unearths Horror, Humour". Ottawa Citizen.
  3. "Jake Gyllenhaal as 'the Prince of Persia'". Entertainment Tonight. CBS Television Distribution. 2008-11-13. Archived from the original on 4 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-14.
  4. "Morocco 2013 Mars Analogue Field Simulation". Retrieved 2012-12-27.
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