A gate or gateway is a point of entry to a space which is enclosed by walls. Gates may prevent or control the entry or exit of individuals, or they may be merely decorative. Other terms for gate include yett and port. The word is derived from old Norse "gat", meaning road or path, and originally referred to the gap in the wall or fence, rather than the barrier which closed it. The moving part or parts of a gateway may be considered "doors", as they are fixed at one side whilst opening and closing like one.
A gate may have a latch that can be raised and lowered to both open a gate or prevent it from swinging. Locks are also used on gates to increase the security. Larger gates can be used for a whole building, such as a castle or fortified town. Actual doors can also be considered gates when they are used to block entry as prevalent within a gatehouse. Today, many gate doors are opened by an automated gate operator.
There are many different types of gates.
If you don't have enough space behind or in front of the gate for a swing gate, a sliding gate is another option. Sliding gates can also both be a single gate or double date, but the difference is the gate will slide to one side of the gate taking up less space.
Similar to a sliding gate, a tandem gate also slides but is made up of two pieces that fold into each other and slide into place.
Cantilever gates slide but the key difference is that the gate is hung from a mounting post and is suspended in air; no part of the gate comes in contact with the ground with any type of wheel, which is where the name cantilever comes from.
Purpose-specific types of gate
- Baby gate a safety gate to protect babies and toddlers
- City gate of a walled city
- Hampshire gate (a.k.a. New Zealand gate, wire gate, etc.)
- Kissing gate on footpaths
- Lychgate with a roof
- Mon Japanese: gate. The religious torii compares to the Chinese pailou (paifang), Indian torana, and Korean hongsalmun. Mon are widespread, in Japanese gardens.
- Portcullis of a castle
- Race gates a gate used checkpoints on race tracks.
- Slip gate on footpaths
- Watergate of a castle by navigable water
- Slalom skiing gates
- This gate and massive gateposts has no locks—a gate marks a borderline in ownership/use and can allow passage.
- A small, elegant gate to a meadow path
- This gate at Columbia University was closed to prevent entry of protesters
- A gate at Kansai University, built in 1923
- Malaysian King's Palace Gate, Kuala Lampur
- Medieval ironclad city gate, from the Upper Gate in the old town of Ohrid
- Chinese traditional type gate (iron gate in front of house) in Kerala, India
- Gates decorate routes in the entrance of Muscat, Oman
- Kuwait Gate, historically surrounded Kuwait City, built in 1929
- Ernst Rudolph, By the Entrance
- Decorative emblems of state are also fixed on gates to public buildings, old Royal Melbourne Mint
- Gate of Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, Bhavnagar, India
- St. Louis Gateway Arch
- Warsaw University main gate, Poland
- Gate of Farm Gunsteling in Namibia (2017)
- A Japanese temple gate (mon) at Eiheiji
- "gate | Origin and meaning of gate by Online Etymology Dictionary". www.etymonline.com. Retrieved 2019-04-20.
- "GATE | meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary". dictionary.cambridge.org. Retrieved 2019-04-20.
- "Hardware 101: Gate Latches". Gardenista. 2016-11-17. Retrieved 2019-04-20.
- "Selecting Your Driveway Gate - Swing or Slide?". Gate Depot. 2020-10-23. Retrieved 2020-10-23.
- "Cantilever Slide Gate System Overview". Hoover Fence. 2020-10-23. Retrieved 2020-10-23.
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