Algeria–Mauritania relations is the relationship between two neighboring Arab Maghreb countries, Algeria and Mauritania. The relationship between the two countries is often characterized as friendly, although there were several political standoffs between the two countries in the past. such as the Western Sahara War (1975-1991). During the War, Mauritania and Morocco together invaded the Western Sahara region, while Algeria opposed them and supported the Polisario Front. Nonetheless, weaker and poorer than Algeria in every aspect, Mauritania ceded its claims and restored tie with Algeria.
Western Sahara War
The Polisario Front, supported by Algeria, fought in a war against Mauritania and Morocco. Mauritanian military, weaker in both materials and arms, was forced to renounce their claims. As for the result, Algeria and Mauritania reapproached the tie and became strategic partnerships.
Both two countries have been aiming to work and collaborate, while trying not to anger Morocco, Algeria's fierce rival but Mauritania's important economic investor. Algeria is expanding their investments to Mauritania to counter Moroccan influence.
- "Mauritania - Relations with Other States of the Maghrib".
- "Official: Mauritania-Algeria relations not directed against Morocco". Middle East Monitor. 22 December 2016.
- "Mauritania's Algeria alliance leaves Morocco out in the cold". The New Arab.
- Embassy of the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria in Mauritania (in Arabic and French)