The Chaamba (Arabic: شعانبة, Maghrebi Arabic pronunciation: /šʕamba/) are a large Arab tribe of the northern Sahara in Algeria. They live around Métlili, El Golea, Ouargla, El Oued, and the Great Western Erg, including Timimoun and Béni Abbès[1] While traditionally they were nomads specialised in raising camels, most have settled in the oases over the past century.

In 2008 there were several clashes between Chaamba and Mozabite youths in the oasis of Berriane, following a miscarriage caused by a firework.[2]

The date palm is the most important agricultural product for the Chaamba.


  1. Jacques Grand'henry, Les parlers arabes de la région du Mzāb, Sahara algérien, Leiden: Brill 1976, p. 3.
  2. Trouble in Berriane, The Moor Next Door, 10/04/2008

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