Mzab–Wargla languages

The Mzab–Wargla languages or Northern Saharan oasis dialects are a dialect cluster of the Zenati languages, within the Northern Berber subbranch. They are spoken in scattered oases of Algeria and Morocco.

North Africa
Linguistic classificationAfro-Asiatic
Kossmann's "Northern Saharan oasis" dialects


Kossmann (2013)

Maarten Kossmann (2013) listed six "Northern Saharan oasis" dialects:[1]

Ethnologue (2009)

In Ethnologue XVI (2009), the "Mzab–Wargla" languages are listed as:

Unlike Kossmann, Ethnologue considers the Berber dialect spoken in Tidikelt as a separate branch of the Zenati group, distinct from Tuwat.


Roger Blench (2006) listed eight varieties:[2]

However, Senhaja is actually an Atlas language.

Linguistic maps


  1. M. Kossmann, The Arabic Influence on Northern Berber, pp.23-24 (Brill, 2013)
  2. Blench, Roger M. (2006) "The Afro-Asiatic Languages: Classification and Reference List". Cambridge: Mallam Dendo.

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