Tidikelt language

Tidikelt (also known as Tidikelt Tamazight, Tamazight or Tidikelt Berber) is a Zenati Berber language spoken in Algeria. It is one of the Mzab–Wargla languages. Tidikelt is spoken in the northwest of Tamanrasset Province, including in In Salah District.[3] Tidikelt Tamazight has two dialects; Tidikelt and Tit. Tidikelt Tamazight is considered to be an endangered language, nearly extinct, with only 1,000 speakers of the language and decreasing.

Tidikelt Tamazight
Native toAlgeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Western Sahara
RegionTidikelt, Salah Area, Tit South
Native speakers
1,000 (2011)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3tia
ELPTidikelt Tamazight[2]


Tidikelt Tamazight is part of the Berber branch of the Afroasiatic family.


The northern region of Africa was, at one point in history, was primarily inhabited by Berbers. The name Berber comes from Barbari, which was used by the Romans. Barbari is a Latin word meaning Barbarians. Their tribes could be found across the northern region. However, when the Muslims invaded and took over the northern region of Africa, they spread the Arabic language, which eventually led to the diminished use of Tidikelt Tamazight. As the Arabic language spread, so did the religion of Islam. Considering that the Arabic language and Islam were very closely related, and many of the Berbers were converting to Islam, Tidikelt Tamazight began to fade.[4]

Geographic distribution

There are about 1,000 speakers of Tidikelt Tamazight. Most of these speakers can be found in the northwest of Tamanrasset Province, Algeria. There are Tidikelt Tamazight speakers also found in Western Sahara, Morocco and Tunisia.


Tidikelt Tamazight is endangered, nearly extinct.


  1. Tidikelt Tamazight at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Endangered Languages Project data for Tidikelt Tamazight.
  3. Tamazight, Tidikelt. (n.d.). Retrieved March 10, 2017, from https://www.ethnologue.com/language/tia
  4. Project, J. (n.d.). Berber, Tidikelt Tamzight in Algeria Ethnic People Profile. Retrieved May 01, 2017, from http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=15473&rog3=AG.

[1][2] [3][4][5] [6] [7]

  1. Did you know Tidikelt Tamazight is threatened? (n.d.). Retrieved March 10, 2017, from http://www.endangeredlanguages.com/lang/4836
  2. Tidikelt Tamazight. (n.d.). Retrieved March 10, 2017, from http://glottolog.org/resource/languoid/id/tidi1241.
  3. Achab, K. (2001). The Tamazight (Berber) Language Profile.
  4. Achab, K. (2012). Internal Structure of Verb Meaning: A Study of Verbs in Tamazight (Berber). Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
  5. Frawley, W. (2003). International encyclopedia of linguistics.
  6. Where on earth do they speak Tamazight, Tidikelt? (n.d.). Retrieved May 01, 2017, from http://www.verbix.com/maps/language/TamazightTidikelt.html
  7. Tidikelt Tamazight [tia]. (n.d.). Retrieved May 01, 2017, from http://globalrecordings.net/en/langcode/tia.
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