Banu Hamdan

Banu Hamdan (Arabic: بَنُو هَمْدَان; Musnad: 𐩠𐩣𐩵𐩬) is a well known Sabaean clan that dates back to the 1st millennium BCE. The clan is located in Yemen. It was mentioned in Sabaic inscriptions as qayls of Hashid, who later acquired control over a part of Bakil and finally gave their clan name to tribal confederations including Hashid and Bakil.[1]

Banu Hamdan
بنو همدان
Banner of Banu Hamdan
Descended fromHamdan
BranchesBanu Yam, Banu Kathir, Banu Al-Mashrouki
ReligionPaganism, later Islam

Hamdan branches

Hashid and Bakil

Today still in the same ancient tribal form in Yemen Hashid and Bakil of Hamdan remained in the highlands North of Sana'a between Marib and Hajjah.

Banu Yam

Banu Yam settled to the North of Bakil in Najran (today in Saudi Arabia). It also branched into the tribes: the 'Ujman of eastern Saudi Arabia and the Persian Gulf coast.

Banu Kathir

Banu Kathir from Hadramut in the East of Yemen where they established their own sultanate.

Banu Al-Mashrouki

Banu Al-Mashrouki settled in Lebanon producing well known Maronite influential families such as the Awwad, Massa'ad, Al-Sema'ani, Hasroun.[2]

Banu Al Harith remained in Jabal Amil and were mainly Shia. A smaller group joined the Yemeni Druze and were eventually pushed by Kaysi Druze to Jabal Al Druze in Syria.


  • Andrey Korotayev. Ancient Yemen. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995. ISBN 0-19-922237-1


  1. Andrey Korotayev. Pre-Islamic Yemen. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 1996. ISBN 3-447-03679-6. P.139.
  2. Archived 2007-11-22 at the Wayback Machine Al-Mashrouki in Hasroun
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