Juhaynah (Arabic: جهينة, also transliterated as Djuhaynah and Johaynah), is a nomad tribe of the Arabian Peninsula and the largest clan of Banu Quda'a. Juhaynah are one of the most powerful Arabian tribes that rule important parts of the Arabian Peninsula. The clan still live in the Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia mostly in the city of Umluj or Omluj or alshabaha or tabuk. In Sudan they are present in large numbers in the eastern region due to mass migrations of Arab tribes into Sudan during the 11th century. As well as in the West of Sudan and Chad as Baggara & Abbala Arabs, who hail from Abdallah Al Juhani.
(Arabic: بنو جهينة)
Culture and spirituality of Juhaynah
Juhaina was the first Arab tribe to entirely convert to Islam. They are known to be fond of education and writing and had many poets. They were well educated before being committed to Islamic teachings. They were also known to be powerful, and many Juhanis participated in battles at the time.
One of its members, 'Abd ad-Dar b. Hudayb, to build a Qawdam (an artifact that could compete with the Kaaba in Mecca), since the time of Jahiliyya able to attract many pilgrims and create a trade fair where he concluded lucrative business.
Relations with Yathrib
Relations with Yathrib were overall good, so much so that, at the Battle of Bu'ath of 617, the Juhaynah fought with the Arab tribe of Banu Khazraj, while Badr were on the side of Banu Aws. They reached an agreement with Muhammad, once these installed himself with his Muslim followers to Medina, which allowed them not to embrace the Islamic religion which, however, later converted, becoming perhaps the first tribal group fighting alongside Muslims the affirmation of their cause.
The tribe (part of which had emigrated to Egypt) remained faithful to Islam during the Ridda wars and participated later, at the time of the second Caliph Umar, to the conquest of Egypt, some of them remained to reside in Egypt when the Caliph Umar appointed one of the prophet companion and Juhaynah leaders Uqbah ibn Amir Aljuhani as the governor of Egypt.
- Smith, Gerald Rex; Smart, James R.; Pridham, Brian R. (1 Jan 1996). New Arabian Studies. 3. University of Exeter Press. p. 94.
- Ribb, H. A. R. (1954). The Encyclopaedia of Islam. Brill Archive. p. 315.