Banu Sa'ida

The Banu Sa'ida (Arabic: بنو ساعدة, romanized: Banu Sā'idah) was a clan of the Banu Khazraj tribe of Medina in the era of Muhammad.[1] The tribe's full name was the Banu Sa'ida ibn Ka'b ibn al-Khazraj.[2]

Prior to their conversion, most members of the clan worshiped idols, which were destroyed after the advent of Islam.[3] Their Jewish allies or clients are mentioned in the Constitution of Medina.[4][5]

Sa'd ibn Ubadah of the Banu Sa'ida gained prominence and influence among the Ansar, who gathered to pledge allegiance to him following the death of Muhammad.[6][7] This gathering, hosted at the clan's saqifah, resulted in Abu Bakr being named the first caliph of the Rashidun caliphate.[8]


  1. Carimokam, Sahaja (2010). Muhammad and the People of the Book. p. 224. ISBN 9781453537855.
  2. Al-Waqidi (2013). Rizwi Faizer (ed.). The Life of Muhammad: Al-Waqidi's Kitab al-Maghazi. Routledge. p. 168. ISBN 9781136921131.
  3. FE Peters, ed. (2017). "Idol Worship in Pre-Islamic Medina". The Arabs and Arabia on the Eve of Islam. Routledge. pp. 139–140. ISBN 9781351894807.
  4., "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-05-24. Retrieved 2015-06-10.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. Serjeant, R.B. (1978). "The Sunnah Jāmi'ah, pacts with the Yathrib Jews, and the Taḥrīm of Yathrib: analysis and translation of the documents comprised in the so-called 'Constitution of Medina'". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. 41 (1): 1–42. doi:10.1017/S0041977X00057761.
  6. Watt, W. M. (1956). Muhammad at Medina, pp. 168, 181. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  7. Muhammad ibn Ishaq. Sirat Rasul Allah. Translated by Guillaume, A. (1955). The Life of Muhammad. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Page 650-660.
  8. al-Tabari, Abu Jafar (1993). "The Events of the Year 11 (cont'd)". The History of al-Tabari Vol. 10: The Conquest of Arabia: The Riddah Wars A.D. 632-633/A.H. 11. Translated by Fred M. Donner. SUNY. ISBN 9780791410721.

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