Banu Ka'b

The Banu Ka'b (Arabic: بنو كعب) are an Arab Adnanite nomadic Bedouin tribe originating in the Najd region of Arabia, who often raided, pillaged and then settled various areas of southern and central Ottoman Iraq, in cities such as Basra and Nasariyah, and also across the border in the southernmost region of Khuzestan Province of Persia, particularly near the city of Khorramshahr. They were a warrior people and were known for their strength, skill and courage in battle and also for their poetry.

Banu Ka'b are the descendants of Ka'b son of Rabee'ah son of Amer son of Sa'Sa'a son of Muawiyah son of Bakr son of Galeb son of Hawazin son of Mansoor son of Akramah son of Khasfa son of Qais eilan son of mudhr son of Nazzar son of mu'id son of Adnan son of Ismael the son of Abraham, Some members of this tribe are also direct descendants of the Islamic prophet Muhammad through Imam Musa Al-Kadhim, which makes them Sayyids. These Sayyids reside in Iraq. The tribe Originally is from the Najd Region in Saudi Arabia but due to a drought, the tribe split into groups and went their separate ways, Some migrated to Qatar, many Migrated to Oman and even more migrated to what is now known as the UAE, The Banu Ka'b who migrated to the UAE are now one of the most influential and powerful tribes in The UAE and the Middle East, Many of the Banu Ka'b Also migrated to Iraq and they were the ones to enter and Conquer Khuzestan.

Most of the tribe is settled in Southern Iraq near Basra and Nasariyah but some also settled in the areas that are now United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Oman, Tunisia, Morocco and a small bunch are settled in Saudi Arabia

There are many families who are descended and belong to Banu Ka'b such as, Al Mahmeed, Al Teelji, Al Faras, Al Nassar, Al Abyadh, Dehrab and Idrees.

Banu Ka'b had their tribe flag as a sometimes yellow or red flag with the name of the tribe written on it, with a sword beneath it and on the top, the saying "victory from Allah and conquest is near". They allied with the British and alongside other Arab tribes against the Ottomans and they played a big role in destroying the Ottoman presence in Arabia.

Banu Ka'b conquered The Khuzestan region in Iran a long time ago, They defeated the many tribes that lived there and took the land for themselves, the land was Named Imarat Ka'b which means the Emirate of Ka'b in Arabic, it was also called Arabistan which means "the land of the Arabs", it stretched from South Eastern Iraq to South West Iran, they held on to that land until The Last official Sheikh of Banu Ka'b, Khazal Al Ka'bi was assassinated by the Iranians in 1936, the land was reabsorbed into Iran after a Brutal war between Iran and Banu Ka'b, Banu Ka'b fought valiantly and won many battles against the Iranains but since Iran at the Time was backed by the British, Iran won, their superior technology and weaponry gave them an edge against the Banu Ka'b.

Banu ka'b also had a skirmish with the Kuwaiti Navy once, the Skirmish was called "al riqqa", the reasoning behind the conflict was because Sheikh Barakat of Banu Ka'b asked the Sheikh of Kuwait at the time Sheikh Abdullah ibn Jaber Al Sabah, for his son to marry sheikh Abdullah's daughter but the Sheikh refused, Banu Ka'b then tried to Raid Kuwait by Ship but their huge warships reached shallow waters and were stuck which caused them to have to sail back home in small boats and leave their huge warships to the Kuwaiti Navy which used small boats that could be sailed in shallow water, there were no lives lost in the Skirmish but it was called a Kuwaiti victory because Banu Ka'b were successfully repelled and their ships destroyed, Sheikh Barakat then later tried to raid Kuwait a second time but the Tribespeople refused and killed Sheikh Barakat for dishonoring the Tribe and wasting resources.

Banu Ka'b is one of the oldest tribes in Arabia and is well known and respected by many, They were mentioned by name and praised by Muhammad. Banu Ka'b like all other Arabian Bedouin Tribes are Muslims however The Banu Ka'b of Oman , Qatar and the UAE practice Sunni Islam while the Banu Ka'b of Iraq practice Shia Islam.

Notable historical figures who are descended from Banu ka'b: • Khazal Al Ka'bi former ruler of Arabistan and former Chieftain of Banu Ka'b

• Muslim Bin Hajaj Famous Islamic Scholar

See also


    Further reading

    • Abu-Hakima, A.M. (1960). "Banū Kaʿb". In Gibb, H. A. R.; Kramers, J. H.; Lévi-Provençal, E.; Schacht, J.; Lewis, B. & Pellat, Ch. (eds.). The Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Edition, Volume I: A–B. Leiden: E. J. Brill. OCLC 495469456.
    • Floor, Willem (2006). "The Rise and Fall of the Banū Kaʿb. A Borderer State in Southern Khuzestan". Iran: Journal of the British Institute of Persian Studies. 44 (1): 277–315. doi:10.1080/05786967.2006.11834690.
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