New Valley Governorate

New Valley Governorate or El Wadi El Gedid Governorate (Arabic: محافظة الوادي الجديد [moˈħɑfzet elˈwæːdi lɡɪˈdiːd], Muḥāfaẓah Al Wādī Al Jādīd) is one of the governorates of Egypt. It is in the southwestern part of the country, in Egypt's Western Desert (part of the Sahara Desert), between the Nile, northern Sudan, and southeastern Libya.

New Valley Governorate
New Valley Governorate on the map of Egypt
Coordinates: 24°32′44″N 27°10′24″E
Country Egypt
SeatKharga (capital)
  GovernorMohammed Salman Mousa Al-Zamlout[1]
  Total440,098 km2 (169,923 sq mi)
 (January 2018)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
HDI (2017)0.701[3]
Kharga Oasis, with the Temple of Hibis; the Western Desert cliffs at the back

Consisting of roughly half of Egypt's area, this spacious governorate is the country's largest and most sparsely populated, and one of the biggest subnational divisions on the African continent, as well as the world. At 440,098 square kilometers in area, New Valley Governorate is just slightly larger than the country of Iraq. The capital is at the Kharga Oasis. New Valley Governate is named after the New Valley Project, which aims to irrigate parts of the Western Desert.

Municipal divisions

The governorate is divided into municipal divisions with a total estimated population as of July 2017 of 242,300. In the case of New Valley governorate, there is one kism with urban and rural parts, and four marakiz.[4][5]

Municipal Divisions
Anglicized nameNative nameArabic transliterationPopulation
(July 2017 Est.)
Khargaقسم الواحات الخارجةAl-Wāḥāt al-Khārijah90,650Kism (urban and rural parts)
Balatمركز بلاطBalāṭ12,268Markaz
Dakhlaمركز شرطة الداخلةShurṭah al-Dākhlah89,868Markaz
Farafraمركز شرطة الفرافرةShurṭah al-Farāfirah35,899Markaz
Barisمركز شرطة باريسShurṭah Bārīs13,615Markaz

In an effort to decentralize the administration of Kharga, it was divided into four sections effective 19 June, 2018.[6]


According to population estimates, in 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate lived in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 48.0%. Out of an estimated 225,416 people residing in the governorate, 117,180 people lived in rural areas and only 108,236 lived in urban areas.[7][8]

According to population estimates, in 2018 the population was 245,000, with an urbanization rate of 46.7%.[9]

Cities, towns, oases

New Valley has a number of cities, towns and oases. As of 2018, Kharga Oasis, and Dakhla Oasis were the two places in New Valley with a population of over 15,000. Farafra Oasis and Baris Oasis are also in New Valley.[10]

Cities and towns with over 15,000 inhabitants
Anglicized nameNative nameArabic transliterationNov. 1996 CensusNov. 2006 CensusPopulation
(July 2017 Est.)
Kharga OasisالخارجةAl-Khārijah49,44660,58472,558
DakhlaالداخلةMūṭ (Ad-Dākhlah)16,25220,43923,415

Industrial zones

According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:[11]

  • Al Kharga
  • Heavy industrial zone - El Dakhla
  • Heavy industrial zone - Wadi Waer West

New Valley also contains some farming areas created by the New Valley project, like Sharq El Owainat.

Wadi Sura Swimmers


2011 Egyptian revolution

Violent clashes were reported in the New Valley Governorate on February 8–9, 2011 as part of the 2011 Egyptian revolution. Protesters set fire to police stations and the National Democratic Party building. Multiple deaths were reported in addition to hundreds of injuries amid claims that the police opened fire on protesters in Kharga Oasis with live ammunition.[12][13]


  • Manufacturing of palm dates
  • Tourism and safaris
  • Agricultural activities (around oases)

See also


  1. "رسمياً.. المحافظون الجدد ونوابهم يؤدون اليمين الدستورية أمام الرئيس". Almasry Alyoum (in Arabic). 30 August 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-08-31. Retrieved 2018-08-31.
  2. "Population Estimates By Governorate ( Urban /Rural ) 1/1/2018". Archived from the original on 2018-11-02. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  3. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. "New Valley Governorate Subdivisions". Archived from the original on 2018-11-24. Retrieved 2018-11-23.
  5. "Markazes of Egypt". Gwillim Law. Archived from the original on 2017-10-19. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  6. "Divide the city of Kharja into 4 districts and appoint its chiefs". El Watane News (in Arabic). 19 June 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-11-25. Retrieved 2018-11-24.
  7. "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-10-19. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  8. "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-10-19. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
  9. "Egypt in Figures 2018". Archived from the original on 2018-11-02.
  10. "Cities". Archived from the original on 2018-10-05. Retrieved 2018-11-24.
  11. "Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Archived from the original on 2018-11-23. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  12. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-23. Retrieved 2011-02-09.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. Fahim, Kareem. "Protesters in Egypt Regain Initiative as Workers Strike." The New York Times. 2/9/2011. Accessed 2/9/2011. Archived 2018-06-12 at the Wayback Machine
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