Banu Ash'ar

Banu al-Ash'ar (Arabic: بنو الأشعر; Ancient South Arabian: , ʾs²ʿrn) also known as al-Ashaira (Arabic: الأشاعرة) is a Qahtanite tribe that inhabited Yemen in the Arabian Peninsula. The companion of the prophet, Abu Musa al-Ash'ari is a member of this tribe.

Banu Ash'ar
بنو الأشعر
Qahtanite Arab
Banner of Banu Ash'ar
NisbaAl-Ash'ari الأشعري
LocationYemen, Palestine
Descended fromNabat ibn Udad
ReligionPaganism, later Islam

History and origins

The progenitor of Banu al-Ash'ar is Nabat ibn Udad who is also known as al-Ash'ar. The tribe's lineage is as follows: Nabat ibn Udad ibn Zayd ibn Yashjub ibn Arib ibn Zayd ibn Kahlan ibn Saba' ibn Yashjub ibn Ya'rub ibn Qahtan[1]

Nabat ibn Udad (Ash'ar) had seven sons: Al-Jamahir, al-Atgham, al-Argham, al-Adgham, Jedda, Abd Shams and Abd al-Thurayya.[2]

Banu al-Ash'ar tribe was originally from Zabid in Yemen. After the Islamic Conquests under the Rashidun Caliphate (631-661), Many members of the Banu al-Ash'ar moved to settle in Bilad al-Sham. According to Ya'qubi who is writing in 892, the Banu Ash'ar were the majority around Tiberias.[3] Records show that they were among the Arab tribes which settled in al-Andalus. The majority settled in the district of Rayya in Malaga, while some of them were also to be found in the city of Seville.[4]

See also


  1. Ibn Sa'd (2018-12-18). Kitab al-Tabaqat al-Kabir (in Arabic). ISBN 978-977-5046-87-1.
  2. Ibn Hazm. "Jamharat Ansab al-'Arab" (PDF) (in Arabic).
  3. Gil, Moshe (1997-02-27). A History of Palestine, 634-1099. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-59984-9.
  4. Various (2016-07-01). Routledge Library Editions: Muslim Spain. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-1-134-98576-0.
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