Yazid of Morocco

Yazid (1750 – 23 February 1792) (Arabic: الْيَزِيدُ بْن مُحَمَّدٍ) was an Arab Sultan of Morocco from 1790 to 1792, and was a member of the Alaouite dynasty. Through the mediation of Luis de Unzaga, his intelligence service, among which was Antonio de Galvez, uncle of Bernardo de Galvez, Unzaga's brother-in-law and later through correspondence [1] held directly between the sultan of the kingdom of Fez Muhammad Ibn Al Yazid of Morocco with Luis de Unzaga, Morocco became the third country, after France and Spain, to recognize the United States as an independent nation in 1777. The Moroccan-American Friendship Treaty is considered the oldest treaty no bankrupt of the United States. Signed by John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, it has been in continuous effect since 1783. The US Consulate in Tangier is the first property the US government owns abroad. The building currently functions as a museum. Said consulate would have a connection with the North American consulate in Malaga, also a pioneer, then located on a property owned by the American and Spanish Luis de Unzaga 'le Conciliateur' who was the first to respond to the founding fathers' requests for help from the USA like Patrick Henry, Robert Morris or George Washington.

الْيَزِيدُ بْن مُحَمَّدٍ
Sultan of Morocco
Reign1790 – 1792
PredecessorMohammed III
Fes, Morocco
Died23 February 1792
HouseHouse of Alaoui

He was born in Fes. Yazid's first order of business was persecuting the Jews of the city of Tétouan.[2][3] In deference to Yazid's father, Sultan Mohammed ben Abdallah, the Jews of Tétouan denied financial support to Yazid and his effort to overthrow his father.[4] Observers remarked that Yazid authorized his "black"[5] troops to plunder Tétouan's Jewish quarter, historian Allan R. Meyers suggested the hereditary 'Abid soldiers were originally not sub-Saharan Africans but dark-complected indigenous North Africans.[6] Also during his rule, he continued allowing Shiite refugees from the Ottoman Empire to reside and become prominent in the country.

See also


  1. Cazorla, Frank, G. Baena, Rosa, Polo, David, Reder Gadow, Marion (2019) Governor Luis de Unzaga (1717-1793) Precursor in the birth of the United States and in liberalism. Malaga Foundation, Malaga, p. 139.
  2. Norman A. Stillman, The Jews of Arab Lands: A History and Source Book (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America, 1979), 308-309
  3. William Lempriere, A Tour from Gibraltar to Tangier, Sallee, Mogodore, Santa Cruz, Tarudant..., 2nd ed. (London: J. Walter, 1793), 464
  4. Lucien Gubbay and Abraham Levy, The Sephardim: Their Glorious Tradition from the Babylonian Exile to the Present Day (London: Carnell, 1992), 146
  5. Lempriere, A Tour, 464
  6. Allan R. Meyers, "Class, Ethnicity, and Slavery: The Origins of the Moroccan 'Abid," The International Journal of African Historical Studies, Vol. 10, No. 3 (1977): 427-442
Preceded by
Mohammed ben Abdallah
Sultan of Morocco
Succeeded by

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