Yusef of Morocco

Yusef ben Hassan (1882 – November 17, 1927) (berber: ⵚⵍⵟⴰⵏ ⵢⵓⵙⴼ ⵢⵓⵙ ⵍⵃⴰⵙⴰⵏ - Arabic: السلطان يوسف بن الحسن) was a Sultan of the Alaouite dynasty. He ruled Morocco from 1912 until his death in 1927.

Yusef ben Hassan
ⵢⵓⵙⴼ ⵢⵓⵙ ⵍⵃⴰⵙⴰⵏ
السلطان يوسف بن الحسن
Sultan of Morocco
PredecessorAbd al-Hafid of Morocco
SuccessorMohammed V of Morocco
Meknes, Morocco
DiedNovember 17, 1927(1927-11-17) (aged 44–45)
Rabat, Spanish Morocco
SpouseLalla Yaqut
IssueMohammed V of Morocco
HouseAlaouite dynasty
FatherHassan I of Morocco
MotherLalla Ruqiya
ReligionSunni Islam


Yusef in 1920

Yusef was born in the city of Meknes to Sultan Hassan I and his fifth wife, Lalla Ruqiya, a Circassian lady from Constantinople. He was the youngest of Sultan Hassan I's sons. He inherited the throne from his brother, Sultan Abdelhafid, who abdicated after the Treaty of Fez (1912), which made Morocco a French protectorate. He was a member of the Alaouite Dynasty.

Yusef's reign was turbulent and marked with frequent uprisings against Spain and France. The most serious of these were a Berber uprising led by Abd el-Krim in the Rif Mountains, in the Spanish-controlled area in the north, who managed to establish a republic; and the uprising of Sahraoui tribes in the south, led by Ahmed al-Hiba, the son of Ma al-'Aynayn. The Riffian conflict managed to reach the French-controlled area, prompting the creation of a Franco-Spanish military coalition that finally defeated the rebels in 1925. To ensure his own safety, Yusef moved the court from Fez to Rabat, which has served as the capital of the country ever since.

Yusef's reign came to an abrupt end when he died suddenly of uremia in 1927. He was succeeded by his son Muhammad. He was buried in the royal necropolis of the Moulay Abdallah Mosque.[1]


See also

  1. Bressolette, Henri (2016). A la découverte de Fès. L'Harmattan. ISBN 978-2343090221.
  2. www.leighrayment.com
Preceded by
Ahmed al-Hiba
Sultan of Morocco
Succeeded by
Mohammed V
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