Idris II of Morocco

Idris Al-Azhar Ben Idris Ben Abdellah Al-Kamel (Arabic: إدريس الْأَزْهَرَ بْن إدريس بْن عَبْدِ اللهِ الْكَامِلِ) known as Idris II (791-828), (Arabic: إدريس الثاني) was the son of Idris I, the founder of the Idrisid dynasty in Morocco. He was born in Volubilis two months after the death of his father. He succeeded his father Idris I in 803.

Idris II
إدريس الثاني
Imam of Morocco
PredecessorIdris I ibn Abdullah
SuccessorMuhammad ibn Idris
Born(791-08-00)August 791
Volubilis, Morocco
Fes, Morocco
Full name
Idris Al-Azhar ibn Idris
FatherIdris I ibn Abdullah
ReligionZaydi Shia


Idris II was born on August 791, two months after the death—June 791—of Idris I. His mother, Kanza, was a Berber concubine of his father. He was raised among the Berber Awraba tribe of Volubilis. In 803, he was proclaimed Imam in the mosque of Walila succeeding his father.[1][2]

Of the Idrisid sultans Idris II was one of the best educated. In the work of Ibn al-Abbar correspondence between Idris II and his contemporary Ibrahim I ibn al-Aghlab is quoted in which he invites him to renounce his claims to his territories.[3]

Idris II died in Volubilis in 828. His grave is contained in the Zawiyya Moulay Idris in Fez. It was rediscovered under Abd al-Haqq II (1420–1465) in 1437, and became an important place of pilgrimage in the 15th century. It is, up till the present, considered the holiest place of Fez.


  1. Eustache, D. (1986) [1971]. "Idrīs II". In Lewis, B.; Ménage, V. L.; Pellat, C.; Schacht, J. (eds.). Encyclopaedia of Islam. III (2nd ed.). Leiden, Netherlands: E. J. BRILL. p. 1031-1032. ISBN 9004081186.
  2. Abun-Nasr, Jamil M. (1987). A History of the Maghrib in the Islamic Period. Cambridge University Press. p. 51. ISBN 978-0-521-33767-0.
  3. Ibn Abbar, o.c., ed. Müller, 201-202/ed.Monés, I, p.55 quoted in Herman L. Beck, L'image d'Idrīs II, BRILL, 1989, p.36
Preceded by
Idris I
Imam of Morocco
Succeeded by
Muhammad ibn Idris
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