Slimane of Morocco

Mulay Slimane or Suleiman (1766 – 28 November 1822) (Arabic: مولاي سليمان) was the Sultan of Morocco from 1792 to 1822. Suleiman was one of five sons of Mohammed III who fought a civil war for control of the kingdom. Slimane emerged victorious in 1795, and the country remained largely passive for the subsequent decades of his rule. He was a member of the Alaouite dynasty.

مَوِّلَاي سَلِيمَانِ
Sultan of Morocco
Reign1792 – 1822
SuccessorAbd al-Rahman
Died28 November 1822
HouseHouse of Alaoui سُلَاَلَةُ الْعَلَوِيِّينَ الْفِيلَالِيِّينَ

Suleiman continued his father's centralization and expansion of the kingdom, and most notably ended the piracy that had long operated from Morocco's coast. As part of Morocco's long running conflict with Spain and Portugal, Suleiman halted all trade with Europe. However, he continued his father's policies of close relations with the United States. Sultan Suleiman presented the United States with a two-storey mud and stone building in Tangier, the country's first acquired property. It would house the American Legation and Consulate for 140 years.[1]

Mulay Suleiman is also the author of some works. Most famous his Inayat Ula li al-Majd. It is dedicated to one of his teachers, Mohammed ibn Abd al-Salam al-Fasi and discusses the origins of the Fasi al-Fihris. Another famous essay is his Hawashi 'ala Sharh al-Kharshi a work on religion. Some of his other works are Taqayid fi Hukm al-Ghina and Risala fi Hukm al-Ghina (The latter was modeled after Ibn Taymiyya's Kitab al-Sama' wa al-Raqs). Mulay Suleiman is also the author of several letters.

See also


  • Morocco in the Reign of Mawlay Sulayman, by Mohamed El Mansour
Preceded by
Sultan of Morocco
Succeeded by

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