Abu'l-Abbas Ahmad al-Mustansir

Abu'l-Abbas Ahmad ibn Ibrahim( Arabic: أبو العباس أحمد بن إبراهيم), known by the regnal name al-Mustansir( Arabic: المستنصر), was Marinid Sultan of Morocco from 1374 to 1384.[1]

Abu'l-Abbas Ahmad al-Mustansir
Sultan of Morocco
(1st reign)
Reign1374 – 1384
PredecessorMuhammad III ibn Abd al-Aziz
SuccessorMusa ibn Faris al-Mutawakkil
Sultan of Morocco
(2nd reign)
Reign1387 – 1393
PredecessorMuhammad ibn Ahmad al-Wathiq
SuccessorAbd al-Aziz II ibn Ahmad II
FatherAbu Faris Abd al-Aziz I


Ahmad's predecessor Muhammad Abu Zayyan had ascended the throne as a minor in 1372 on the death of his father, Abu Faris Abd al-Aziz.[2] The Nasrid ruler Muhammed V of Granada sent two Marinid princes to Morocco whom he had been holding captive in Granada: Ahmad Abu al-Abbas and Abdul Rahman bin Yaflusin, and supported them in taking control of northern Morocco.[3]

Ahmad became the Sultan of Fez in 1374, while Abdul Rahman became the independent Sultan of Marrakesh. Ibn al-Khatib, a former vizier of Granada and distinguished man of letters, had taken refuge in Morocco. Abu Abbas had him executed as Muhammed V wished, and handed over Sabta (Ceuta) to Muhammad V.[3]

Abu Abbas was temporarily replaced in 1384 by Musa ibn Faris al-Mutawakkil.[1] His deposition was engineered by the Nasrids. Musa ibn Faris Abu Faris al-Mutawakkil was a disabled son of the former Sultan Abu Inan Faris. Musa Ben Faris ruled until 1386, and was replaced by Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Wathiq, who ruled until 1387. Abu Abbas then regained the throne.[4] After his restoration, Abu Abbas began to give more power to the vizirs. While Morocco was at peace, Abu Abbas reconquered Tlemcen and Algiers.

Abu Al-Abbas died in 1393 in Taza, and Abd al-Aziz II ibn Ahmad II was designated the new sultan. During the troubles that followed, the Christian sovereigns carried the war into Morocco.



  1. Lane-Poole 2004, p. 58.
  2. Singh 2004, p. 404.
  3. Abun-Nasr 1987, p. 114.
  4. Ilahiane 2006, p. 156.


  • Abun-Nasr, Jamil M. (1987-08-20). A History of the Maghrib in the Islamic Period. Cambridge University Press. p. 114. ISBN 978-0-521-33767-0. Retrieved 2013-05-13.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Ilahiane, Hsain (2006-07-17). Historical Dictionary of the Berbers (Imazighen). Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-6490-0. Retrieved 2013-05-14.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Lane-Poole, Stanley (2004-09-01). The Mohammedan Dynasties: Chronological and Genealogical Tables with Historical Introductions. Kessinger Publishing. p. 58. ISBN 978-1-4179-4570-2. Retrieved 2013-05-13.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Singh, Nagendra Kr. (2004-03-01). Encyclopaedic Historiography of the Muslim World. Global Vision Publishing Ho. p. 404. ISBN 978-81-87746-54-6. Retrieved 2013-05-13.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

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